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Durham County Record Office: the official archive service for County Durham and Darlington

Who Supported Them?

Most people in the north were catholic, but because the queen was protestant, the country had to be protestant as well. For ordinary people, this meant they had to worship in the protestant way, which was different from what they were used to. The ceremonies and festivals that they used to enjoy were banned.

So, when the Earls of Westmorland and Northumberland rebelled, many ordinary people were happy to join them. Even more people took the chance to worship in their own way. Churches in Durham and across the region celebrated the Catholic Mass instead of the protestant ceremonies, something that hadn't been allowed to do since Elizabeth became queen. When Durham Cathedral celebrated the Catholic Mass, it was so crowded that people couldn't even get inside!

But what happened to the rebellion?