Skip Navigation • Access Keys • Frequently Asked Questions •

Durham County Record Office: the official archive service for County Durham and Darlington

Londonderry Estates

Reference: D/Lo/C

Catalogue Title: Londonderry Estates

Area: Catalogue

Category: Estate and Family Records

Description: Correspondence (part 1)

Covering Dates:  -

Return to your search results

Catalogue Index

Use and to reveal/hide the structure of the catalogue index (requires Javascript to be enabled in your internet browser options). Click to jump directly to information at a specific level of the catalogue.

Londonderry Estates
The Congresses, 1815 - 1820 (Ref: D/Lo/C 20-27)
Various subjects (Ref: D/Lo/C 28-31)
Miscellaneous private and political correspondence (Ref: D/Lo/C 32-36)
Drafts of the separate and secret despatches from Lord Stewart to Lord Castlereagh (Ref: D/Lo/C 38/1-6)
Secret Agents (Ref: D/Lo/C 43)
Secret Service Money (Ref: D/Lo/C 44)
Letters and despatches to Lord Stewart and draft replies from him to other British representatives (Ref: D/Lo/C 45-52)
Prince Metternich (Ref: D/Lo/C 53)
Catholic Emancipation (Ref: D/Lo/C 54)
Miscellaneous despatches, letters, diplomatic papers and memoranda, 1813 - 1820 (Ref: D/Lo/C 55/1-16)
Letters and papers concerning the financial and domestic arrangements for the Vienna Embassy (Ref: D/Lo/C 56-60)
Miscellaneous papers relating to the Embassy (Ref: D/Lo/C 61-63)
Letters from various persons arranged according to subject (Ref: D/Lo/C 118-140)
Letters from various correspondents (Ref: D/Lo/C 230)
Letters concerning various subjects (Ref: D/Lo/C 231-235)
Family and business matters (Ref: D/Lo/C 245-250)
Londonderry agents, various (Ref: D/Lo/C 351-430)
Miscellaneous (Ref: D/Lo/C 431-434)

Catalogue Description

Accepted by HM Government in Lieu of Inheritance Tax and allocated to Durham County Record Office, 2016

CORRESPONDENCE

The correspondence is particularly voluminous and diverse although paradoxically the more recent is less well preserved than the earlier. In the mid-nineteenth century, probably as a result of Sir Archibald Alison's work on the manuscripts, the diplomatic papers and the correspondence of both the 3rd Marquess and his wife were arranged in files, fastened together by large brass screws pushed through the top left hand corner, and boxed in volume-type containers. This arrangement eased the problem of sorting when the manuscripts were deposited but unfortunately not only had certain letters and papers been overlooked but a number of items had been arranged on a subject system instead. It was decided to maintain the arrangement by correspondent in its entirety with the necessary additions and corrections. A number of miscellaneous letters clearly related to the same topics and these were therefore formed into new subject files, leaving only a small irreducible nucleus of 'miscellanea'. In listing the recipient has been taken as the norm and the writers are listed alphabetically under this main head, with a brief indication of the subjects of their letters, covering dates and the number of items.

The diplomatic papers of Lord Castlereagh and Lord Stewart, also included in this section, presented special problems. It was clear that despite the removal of most of the Castlereagh MSS to Ireland items had remained in their original home and a careful examination was necessary to identify these. In the event 288 items were recognised as having been in the possession of Lord Castlereagh himself (D/Lo/C 1-36). The largest continuous series are the 72 letters sent from the peninsula by Sir Charles Stewart, as he then was, to his half brother from 1808 until 1812. These are detailed eye-witness accounts of the campaigns with additional valuable material on the relationships and characters of the Allied commanders. Also of interest are the reports from secret agents in France in 1815 and 1816 (D/Lo/C 26).

The fine series of Lord Stewart's diplomatic papers totals over 1 ,000 files and here too some archival research was necessary before the papers could be reduced to satisfactory order. First there are the draft official despatches containing formal news; these are accompanied frequently by a separate series reserved for more confidential matters written in full in Lord Stewart's hand, with passages marked for turning into cypher. Finally there are personal communications between Castlereagh and Stewart for family affairs or State matters of the utmost delicacy. The value of these papers for a study of British policy in the 'Congress Period' will be quickly apparent.

The extent to which Lord Stewart maintained his political connections after he became Marquess of Londonderry and retired from diplomatic service is shown by the 3,000 letters he received from friends who included Disraeli, Lord Aberdeen, Sir James Graham, Lord Hardinge, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Derby and the Duke of Wellington. An especially interesting and unusual correspondent was the King of Hanover (D/Lo/C 72) and the subjects include( in this section range from Abd-el-Kadir to Lola Montes, the Eglinton Tournament to Catholic Emancipation. In addition there are some 5,500 letters relating to business and the estates.

With Frances Anne, Marchioness of Londonderry, the balance swings as might be expected to the estates and to family affairs. Mention must be made of the letters written by Lord Adolphus Vane to his mother from the Crimean campaign, some of which run to as many as 20 pages each (D/Lo/C 180 (4)). The letters from the agents and managers give detailed accounts of the administration of the estates and show how closely the Marchioness watched the activities of her servants. After the death of the Marchioness the main body of correspondence is that of the agents themselves but some of the political letters of the 7th Marquess are included at D/Lo/C 236-237, notably some interesting correspondence with Sir Nevil Henderson on British policy in regard to the Nazis, with Leo Amery on Chamberlain and with Herbert Morrison and others on air defence and bombing.

There is an especially large section of estate correspondence for the whole of the 19th century both as regards the letters sent by the agents and as regards the letters received by them, the bulk of which seem to have remained at the Seaham Office. In the case of John Buddle, the 3rd Marquess actually made a determined attempt to claim all his papers after his death in 1843 but in this he must have been unsuccessful as a large number of them are now in the Institute of Mining Engineers, Newcastle on Tyne, and some in the National Coal Boards Records at the Durham County Record Office. The agents, particularly at Seaham, became more and more important and more independent as time went on with the result that their correspondence tends to overshadow that of the holders of the title. For example the letters of John Eminson, agent from 1866 (D/Lo/C 284-316) and of Malcolm Dillon, agent from 1912 (D/Lo/C 277-280) contains much more than the normal estate business.

Catalogue Contents

(Ref: D/Lo/C 1-16)

LONDONDERRY FAMILY: POLITICAL, ESTATE AND PERSONAL LETTERS

Papers of Lord Castlereagh
See also D/Lo/C 435-440

Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh (1769 - 1822), son of the first Marquess of Londonderry, M.P. for County Down 1790, became Irish Chief Secretary 1799 and supported the Union. Secretary of State for War 1805 and 1806 - 1809 during which time he planned the Peninsula expedition. Resigned after a duel with Canning but returned to the government in 1812 as Foreign Secretary which post he held until his death and was therefore in charge of British policy throughout the 'Congress period'.

For a brief account of the history of the Castlereagh Papers and the archival arrangement of the items listed below, etc. see the General Introduction and the Introduction to this section.

State Papers, 1804 - 1816


Information on the size and dispositions of the French and Spanish fleets, sent by the British Consul at Tangiers with a letter concerning the rebellion in Algiers and Morocco (1804); and of the Dutch fleet sent by an American naval officer. Abstract of the relative strengths of the British and enemy naval forces; dispositions and strength of the allied land forces, 1804 - 1805
View D/Lo/C 1 physical details


Lord Wellesley's memorandum on the East India Company's military establishment, 1804
View D/Lo/C 2 physical details


Memorandum on the state of Europe and the policies of the Continental powers, 1805
View D/Lo/C 3 physical details


Draft communique to the 'Prince of Peace' urging him not to rely on the French, 1805
View D/Lo/C 4 physical details


Precis of despatches from Sweden relating to the progress of the war with Russia (in Lord Stewart 's hand), 1808
View D/Lo/C 5 physical details


Petition of Hadge Abdelmzid Bouhalel to Lord Castlereagh against the seizure of the Danish brig Frieden by the frigate Unicorn. With Castlereagh's memorandum on the case, 1808
View D/Lo/C 6 physical details


Translation (copy) of Marshal Kutuzov's address to the German people, 1813
View D/Lo/C 7 physical details


Note of arms to be sent to Germany, with a List of the type of ammunition required in the Prussian army and a map of Prussian military dispositions in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, 1813
View D/Lo/C 8 physical details


Proces verbal of a meeting of Clancarty, Brockhausen and Provost on the constitution of the United Netherlands, 1814
View D/Lo/C 9 physical details


Appointment (draft) of a plenipotentiary (for Castlereagh's own appointment see D/Lo/F 420), 1814
View D/Lo/C 10 physical details


Memorandum of meeting with Cardinal Consalvi on the relationship of the Papacy and Protestant states. Memorandum (French) on the position of the Catholic church in the United Provinces and Castlereagh's note advising the Prince of Orange against a Concordat, 1814
View D/Lo/C 11 physical details


Account (French) of the behaviour of Murat, 1814
View D/Lo/C 12 physical details


Extract (English) from the Exposé de la conduite politique de M. Carnot concerning his policy in regard to the defence of Paris, 1814
View D/Lo/C 13 physical details


Memorandum from Edward Cooke on the ratification of the treaty with the United States and a note from Cooke to Gouldbourn about the interpretation of the treaty, 1814
View D/Lo/C 14 physical details


Lord Exmouth's attack on Algiers, drawn by Major Gossett R.E., 1816
View D/Lo/C 15 physical details


Confidential memorandum approved by the Prince Regent as a reply to the Tsar's proposal for a 'Holy Alliance', 1816
View D/Lo/C 16 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 17-19)

Diplomatic despatches and letters

Peninsular War, 1808 - 1812


Despatches from Lord Stewart while serving with the British Army in the Peninsula, first with Moore then with Wellington. For detailed calendar see Appendix I, 1808 - 1812 See also D/Lo/C 437
View D/Lo/C 17 - 18 physical details


Letter from Lord Stewart at Badajoz referring to the receipt of Castlereagh's congratulations on the battle of Talavera. With a typescript copy (this letter appears to have been omitted in error from the bound volumes above), 1809
View D/Lo/C 19 physical details

The Congresses, 1815 - 1820 (Ref: D/Lo/C 20-27)

Diplomatic negotiations for the Vienna Congress, with enclosures, etc. and two letters from Stratford Canning at Turin to Lord Stewart. These papers found in especial confusion and several letters are incomplete, March-December 1815
View D/Lo/C 20 physical details


Private letters from Lord Stewart while acting as envoy at Vienna and subsequently See also D/Lo/C 37-53


From Milan (January - March) and Vienna (June - December) particularly relating to the negotiations being carried on in Frankfurt by Lord Clancarty. Copies of correspondence between Stewart and Clancarty, 1816
View D/Lo/C 21 physical details


From Vienna and Carlsbad principally concerning the negotiations between Russia and Austria and possible employment of Russian troops in South America, also complaint against Austrian authorities in Trieste, January - June 1817
View D/Lo/C 22 physical details


From Paris arid Vienna with letters from George Rose at Berlin and copy letters from Castlereagh to the Tsar and Canning, August - December 1819, 26 November 1820
View D/Lo/C 23 physical details


From Vienna concerning Metternich and Esterhazy and the movements of Queen Caroline, etc. Account of the Pope's Chaplain caught committing sodomy from A'Court the British envoy in Naples, 1820
View D/Lo/C 24 physical details


Correspondence (copies) between Castlereagh and Lord Liverpool on the future of France, marriage of the Prince of Orange, foreign expenditure and cost of occupation forces, copy of Talleyrand's proposals (French) to Louis XVIII on the future constitution of France, July - August 1815
View D/Lo/C 25 physical details


Secret reports (French) from agents on the state of affairs and opinion in France forwarded by Sir Charles Stewart, ambassador in Paris, with his marginal comments on the probable veracity or otherwise of the reports, December 1815 - 1816
View D/Lo/C 26 physical details


Correspondence (copies) of Cardinal Consalvi and J. G. Reinhold concerning the Catholic Church in the Austrian Netherlands and the Archbishopric of Malines, March - June 1816
View D/Lo/C 27 physical details

Various subjects (Ref: D/Lo/C 28-31)

James Stephen on behalf of Wilberforce containing proposals for effective measures against the slave trade. With maps of Africa by Faden (1803) annotated by Castlereagh and Carey (1811), (1814)
View D/Lo/C 28 physical details


Despatch from Edward Cooke on the circumstances of Napoleon's escape from Elba, 1813
View D/Lo/C 29 physical details


Despatch from Lord Burghersh at Leghorn describing the invasion of Northern Italy by the Neapolitans under Murat, 1815
View D/Lo/C 30 physical details


Letter from Lord Lauderdale enclosing newspaper cuttings concerning Sir Thomas Maitland and events in the Ionian Islands, 1822
View D/Lo/C 31 physical details

Miscellaneous private and political correspondence (Ref: D/Lo/C 32-36)

Letters from agents in Ireland and from John Kipling concerning Chancery proceedings about a house in Bond Street and the contents of its library (probably connected with the Earl of Buckingham), 1797 - 1813 See also D/Lo/F 670
View D/Lo/C 32 physical details


Letters from the Rev. John Cleland agent in Ireland for the estate and financial interests of Lord Castlereagh and his father, 1815 - 1822
View D/Lo/C 33 physical details


Miscellaneous letters and copies etc. found among the Castlereagh papers relating mainly to isolated matters, 1799 - 1822 Includes: (1) Lord Castlereagh to (Lord Charlemont) on the condition of affairs in France (part only), (c. 1791) Printed in Charlemont Correspondence II, 145 (2) Lord Castlereagh to Lord Bayham on the Irish Union, (1799) (4) E. W. Phelps urging the prevention of the re-election of Madison as President of the United States, 1812 (5) Lord Bathhurst on the necessity for a permanent military governor of the Ionian Islands, 1812 (6-7) Lord Burghersh on the unauthorised activities of Sir Robert Wilson, 1815 (8) George Mills on military and diplomatic affairs in Switzerland, 1815 (9) John Kerr, a clerk in the Foreign Office, seeking a less arduous post on account of his health being impaired by imprisonment in Italy and Austria, 1815 (10) J[ohn] M[ordaunt] Johnson Dissatisfaction of the Prince of Orange with the British attitude towards him, 1814 (11) Lord Clancarty. Occupation of Belgium by Dutch troops, 1814 (18) General Rapp to Count Weissenberg (copy) Announcing the abdication of the Emperor Napoleon, 1815 (19) Duke of Wellington Describing the capture of Paris and Armistice ratified by Wellington, Blucher and Ekmuhl (Davout) (20) Duke of Otranto (Fouche) to Murat. Copy of letter (French) found on the latter when taken prisoner, 1815 (22) Petition of James Regnier former editor of the Courier de Londres, Courier d'Angleterre and The National Register for assistance against his creditors, (c. 1815) (23) Lord Cathcart from St. Petersburg. Ceremonial of the Russian Court; unpopularity of the concessions made to Poland, Finland and Livonia, 1816 (24) Lord Stewart from Milan concerning evidence against the Princess of Wales and the eligibility of Prince Leopold (of Saxe-Coburg) as a husband (for Princess Charlotte), 1816 (30) Lord Stewart from Paris. Political situation in France and opinions in Paris about European events 1822
View D/Lo/C 34(1-32) physical details


Letters from Lord Castlereagh to Edward Cooke, Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, mainly brief notes of instructions for military and diplomatic despatches, includes letter (1815) to Lord Liverpool, c. 1798 - 1815
View D/Lo/C 35 physical details


Copies of letters (1819) from Lord Castlereagh to Canning, G. H. Rose and the Tsar etc. The originals are D/Lo/C 25, c. 1850
View D/Lo/C 36 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 37/1-11)

Papers of Lord Stewart. 3rd Marquess of Londonderry

Charles William 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (1778 - 1854) was the half brother of Lord Castlereagh. He entered the army in 1794 and served in the Netherlands, Austria and the Peninsula where he was Adjutant-General to Wellington, 1808 - 1812, after commanding a brigade of cavalry. In 1815 he was sent as British Minister to Prussia and was present at the battles of Culm and Leipzig. In July 1814 he was appointed to the British delegation at the Congress of Vienna and remained as ambassador until 1822 when he resigned and devoted himself to the improvement of his Durham and Irish estates. On the death of Castlereagh, Stewart became Marquess of Londonderry. Sir Robert Peel appointed him to the St. Petersburg Embassy in 1835 but Shiel and Fergusson, two Radical members, supported by Lord Stanley, moved the cancellation of the appointment and Lord Londonderry resigned. He toured Germany, Russia and Scandinavia in 1856 and Vienna and the Balkans in 1840.

Lord Londonderry was made Colonel of the 2nd Life Guards (1841) and Lord Lieutenant of Durham (1843). He maintained his political contacts to the end of' his life and his frequent correspondents include Peel, Derby, Aberdeen and Wellington. Lord Londonderry also produced several books of memoirs and edited the correspondence of Lord Castlereagh. In 1852 he received the Duke of Wellington's Garter.

Despatches and other diplomatic correspondence

(For a discussion of the archival arrangement of these papers see the Introduction to this section)

Drafts of official despatches from Lord Stewart to Lord Castlereagh, 1813, 1815 - 1821


From Stralsund (Prussia) on the negotiations for raising and equipping the German Legion. Numbered 43-55 and separate. Also memorandum of meeting between Stewart, Lyon and Berger on the organisation of the Hanoverian levies (1813) and despatches from France (March 1814) concerning the Prussian subsidies, 1813 - 1814
View D/Lo/C 37/1 physical details


From the Imperial Head Quarters in Germany and France describing military operations of the Austrian and Russian armies and the armistices with the French. Numbered 89 - 101, June - July 1815
View D/Lo/C 37/2 physical details


From Paris, Dijon, Geneva, Venice and Milan, largely concerning domestic arrangements of embassy, salaries, etc. also relations of Austria and Russia and Sardinia's attitude on the Simplon route. Numbered 116 - 128 and separate, October - December 1815
View D/Lo/C 37/3 physical details


From Milan and Vienna on the Bavarian question, Austro-Sardinian negotiations, the position of Eugene Beauharnais and the unpopularity of the Austrians in Italy. Numbered 1 - 117 with a few fair copies, January - December 1816
View D/Lo/C 37/4 physical details


From Vienna and Carlsbad. Affairs in Spain, negotiations at Frankfurt, rebellion in Serbia, activities and position of the Bonaparte family, the Princess of Wales in Vienna. Numbered 1-61 (with gaps) and separate, January - June 1817
View D/Lo/C 37/5 physical details


Fair copies of the drafts in (4) for numbers 17-49 (with gaps), February - April 1817
View D/Lo/C 37/6 physical details


From Franzensbrun and Vienna. Baden question, Austrian domestic affairs, meetings with Capodistria and the Tsar. Numbered 1-23 and separate, August - September 1818
View D/Lo/C 37/7 physical details


From Vienna. Assembly at Vienna, hostility between Bavaria and Wurtemburg, the Queen of Spain, Wallachia conduct of Capodistria. Numbered 1-46 and separate, October - December 1819
View D/Lo/C 37/8 physical details


Fair copies of the drafts in (8) for numbers 1-35 and separate, October - December 1819
View D/Lo/C 37/9 physical details


From Vienna, Baden and Troppau. Metternich's views, Austrian and Russian negotiations, affairs in Spain, conference of the states of the German Confederation, Neapolitan revolution amid events in Italy, reports on the proceedings of the Troppau Conference. Numbered 2 - 144 with gaps, January - December 1820(135 papers and files)


From Vienna and Laibach. Preliminaries for the Laibach Conference and reports on proceeding there-from, Austrian operations against Naples, account of audiences with the King of Naples and the Austrian Emperor, British attitude to Sicily. Numbered 1-48, 98, January-August 1821
View D/Lo/C 37/11 physical details

Drafts of the separate and secret despatches from Lord Stewart to Lord Castlereagh (Ref: D/Lo/C 38/1-6)

From Vienna mainly relating to financial affairs and correspondence between Frimont and Schwarzenberg. Also copy letter from Lord William Bentinck at Genoa describing Austrian operations against Murat and draft despatch to Sir (George) Hill, April-July 1815
View D/Lo/C 38/1 physical details


From Vienna on the Baden and Breisgau questions and notes from Lord Castlereagh declining to make an allowance for celebrating the Queen's birthday, January - June 1817
View D/Lo/C 38/2 physical details


From Vienna concerning the German Congress, the King of Wurtemburg, news from Sir Thomas Maitland, Governor of the Ionian Islands, with original letters from Metternich and the Marquise de Caramen, October - December 1819
View D/Lo/C 38/3 physical details


From Vienna, Baden and Troppau. Metternich's work to complete the German Confederation amid the opposition of Bavaria and Prussia, Princess of Wales, increasing anti-liberalism of the Tsar, revolt of regiments of the Russian Imperial Guard, hostility of the French government towards Britain, the Congress at Troppau, Lord Stewart's meeting with Capodistria and draft letters to Metternich, January-December 1820
View D/Lo/C 38/4 physical details


Fair copies of the despatches in (4)
View D/Lo/C 38/5 physical details


From Vienna and Laibach (drafts and copies) Austrian fears of being accused of aiding the enquiry into the Princess of Wales' conduct, attempted assassination of Col. Browne at Milan, report on the Laibach conferences negotiations of Saldenha, and atmosphere in which the conference was held, the exclusion of Britain from the deliberations of the three Powers and decline of British influence in Italy and elsewhere, Austria is likely to join with France now, January - June 1821
View D/Lo/C 38/6 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 39-42)

Despatches relating to special topics, kept in separate series

Princess of Wales


Draft and copy despatches from Lord Stewart concerning the Princess of Wales (later Queen Caroline) principally the collection of evidence on behalf of the Prince Regent, and the conduct of British representatives towards the Princess. Also the attitude of the Austrian government and the facilities which they gave to the British government. Letters from Brook Taylor, Thomas Cartwright, Henry Browne, Jabez Henry (Counsel for Queen Caroline), Metternich, etc., 1816 - 1818, 1820
View D/Lo/C 39 physical details


Series of letters and papers kept separately by Lord Stewart relating to the members of the Princess's Household and her visit to Vienna, with letter from Metternich, April 1817
View D/Lo/C 40 physical details


Copies of Lord Stewart's communications to Prince Metternich concerning Queen Caroline, June - October 1820
View D/Lo/C 41 physical details


Letters from Lieut. Colonel Henry Browne in Milan in regard to the witnesses for the trial and copy letters and agreements (in Italian) between him and Captains Cargiulo and Paturzp of Messina who were to be Government witnesses, July - October 1820
View D/Lo/C 42 physical details

Secret Agents (Ref: D/Lo/C 43)

Copies of letters between Castlereagh and Sir Charles Stuart, British Minister in Paris, sent for information to Lord Stewart concerning the reliability of certain agents and in particular Marshall. Also on Count Blacas and the French government, January 1816
View D/Lo/C 43 physical details

Secret Service Money (Ref: D/Lo/C 44)

Copies of letters from Lord Stewart to Castlereagh on secret payments made to Gentz for services rendered, June - August 1818
View D/Lo/C 44 physical details

Letters and despatches to Lord Stewart and draft replies from him to other British representatives (Ref: D/Lo/C 45-52)

From Lord Castlereagh on Catholic Emancipation and copies of his to Charles Vaughan and George Rose giving them instructions for their conduct and policy in negotiations at Madrid and St. Petersburg, necessity of acting in concert with Russia and persuading Austria to do the same, regulations respecting the salaries and expenses of Ambassadors and a private letter explaining why reductions are necessary in view of the serious financial condition of Britain, copy of the Tsar's letter to the Prince Regent (7 July 1816), memoranda on the implementation of the Vienna Treaties, events in Sicily and its proposed union with Naples, etc., November 1815 - September 1816
View D/Lo/C 45 physical details


Correspondence with Lord Clancarty, Special Envoy at Frankfort, and George Rose, Minister at Berlin. Dispute between Austria and Bavaria, the Baden question, negotiations with the confederation, Prussian objection to Luxemburg's transfer to the Netherlands, dispute between Stewart and Clancarty, February 1816 - June 1817
View D/Lo/C 46 physical details


Correspondence with William A'Court, Minister at Naples. Eugene Beauharnais, the Plague, relations between Austria and Naples and Metternich's equivocal attitude, January - December 1816
View D/Lo/C 47 physical details


Correspondence with Frederick Lamb, Minister at Munich. Differences between Austria and Bavaria, possibility of using force against Baden, also relating to Dr. Griffiths, January 1816 - March 1817
View D/Lo/C 48 physical details


Correspondence with Lord Cathcart, Ambassador at St. Petersburg. Russian views on the reduction of armed forces, Italian Duchies, etc. Copy of letter to Cathcart from Lord Castlereagh, January 1816 - April 1817
View D/Lo/C 49 physical details


Correspondence with Sir Charles Stuart, Ambassador at Paris. Spanish affairs and events at Constantinople, Pozzo di Borgo and Blacas, etc., January - May 1817
View D/Lo/C 50 physical details


Draft letters to Bartle Frere at Constantinople, Brooke Taylor and Metternich. Detention of an English ship at Venice and various minor matters, January 1816 - May 1817
View D/Lo/C 51 physical details


Copies of Lord Castlereagh's despatches to Cathcart, A'Court, and Clancarty sent to Lord Stewart for information. Also copy of despatch from Cathcart to Castlereagh concerning the Russian army and schemes for its reduction, April - September 1816
View D/Lo/C 52 physical details

Prince Metternich (Ref: D/Lo/C 53)

Correspondence (in French) between Metternich and Lord Stewart on the Austrian-Bavarian an question, the false reports being spread by Ruffo and the supposed relationship between Dr. Griffiths and the Princess of Wales. Also a letter from Metternich on the strategy proposed by the Duke of Wellington for Allied Armies in 1815, May 1815, January - November 1816
View D/Lo/C 53 physical details

Catholic Emancipation (Ref: D/Lo/C 54)

Memorandum on English Catholic claims and the British Government's proposals, with copy letters from Cook to Cardinal De Pacca and from Cardinal Di Lieta to Dr. Poynter, Vicar Apostolic in London, 1815
View D/Lo/C 54 physical details

Miscellaneous despatches, letters, diplomatic papers and memoranda, 1813 - 1820 (Ref: D/Lo/C 55/1-16)

Agreements between the British and Hanovarian governments for the maintenance of an army of 15,000 for service on the continent ( printed), 1813
View D/Lo/C 55/1 physical details


Scheme for military co-operation and joint army of the German states (in German and French ) with note in Lord Stewart's hand asking for guidance on negotiations for Denmark's entry into the Confederacy, (c. 1814)
View D/Lo/C 55/2 physical details


Duke of Montellano's memoranda to the British Delegation at Vienna declaring Spain's rights to Naples, Parma Guastalla, etc. (French), 1814
View D/Lo/C 55/3 physical details


Baron Hardenburg to Lord Stewart requesting that the surplus war stores at Straslund may be transferred to the Prussion government (French), 1814
View D/Lo/C 55/4 physical details


Memorial from Count Natali provisional Governor of the Ragutian (Ionian) Islands concerning Austrian attempts to claim the Islands, 1815
View D/Lo/C 55/5 physical details


Extract from a letter from General Frimont to Prince Schwarzenburg concerning military affairs in the Balkans and Murat's activities (German), 1815
View D/Lo/C 55/6 physical details


Petition from Count Noroy to the British Minister for War for a pension for his active service, 1815
View D/Lo/C 55/7 physical details


Despatch (copy) to Lord Castlereagh from Paris enclosing letter (copy) from R.B. Hoppner, Consul at Venice recounting the detaining of vessels from the Ionian Isles by the Austrian authorities and their claims that the Islands are Austrian possessions, 1815
View D/Lo/C 55/8 physical details


Letter (copy) from General Count Nugent at Genoa recounting the movements of Lord Exmouth's fleet, 1815
View D/Lo/C 55/9 physical details


Letter from Lord Berghersh, Minister at Florence on Lord Exmouth's expedition against the Barbary States and Austrian oppression in Lucca, 1816
View D/Lo/C 55/10 physical details


Memorandum (copy) of the Duke of Wellington's interview with Labrador on the Spanish claims to Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla (forwarded to Lord Stewart), 1816
View D/Lo/C 55/11 physical details


Letter from the Treasury concerning the accounts for the shoeing of the horses of the German Legion, 1812 - 1813, 1816
View D/Lo/C 55/12 physical details


Letter (copy) from Metternich announcing the Emperor's intention of attending the fete to be given by Lord Stewart, 1817
View D/Lo/C 55/13 physical details


Letter from General Don requesting the appointment of James Bell as Austrian Consul at Gibraltar, 1817
View D/Lo/C 55/14 physical details


Letter from Lord Castlereagh laying down the principles of conduct to be observed towards the Princess of Wales at Vienna, refers to the Russo- Spanish negotiations and the slave trade, 1817
View D/Lo/C 55/15 physical details


Precis of the proposals addressed by Austria to the French, British, Prussian and Russian governments concerning action to be taken against the Neapolitan revolution, (1820)
View D/Lo/C 55/16 physical details

Letters and papers concerning the financial and domestic arrangements for the Vienna Embassy (Ref: D/Lo/C 56-60)

Letters relating to the purchase of Prince Stahremberg's house for the use of the British Embassy, 1815 - 1816
View D/Lo/C 56 physical details


Requests to Prince Metternich for the transmission of goods duty free to the Embassy with the licences issued (French), 1815 - 1816
View D/Lo/C 57 physical details


Letters, accounts, receipts, etc., concerning payments for Embassy expenses, fees to agents, expenditure on the Secret Service accounts and (1815) payments to the restored monarchy in France, Talleyrand, Gentz etc., 1815 - 1817, 1820 - 1821
View D/Lo/C 58 physical details


Correspondence between Lord Stewart and the Foreign Office concerning the hiring of a house for the reception of the Embassy archives after Lord Stewart's departure for Verona, 1822
View D/Lo/C 59 physical details


Accounts, etc. for postages in Italy, 1823
View D/Lo/C 60 physical details

Miscellaneous papers relating to the Embassy (Ref: D/Lo/C 61-63)

Miscellaneous letters mainly of a personal nature, requests for pensions, etc. one concerning a musical machine to be made for Lord Stewart, 1814 - 1822
View D/Lo/C 61 physical details


Letters (copies) to George IV, Lord Liverpool and Lord Clancarty announcing Lord Londonderry's intention of resigning his diplomatic appointments, 1822
View D/Lo/C 62 physical details


Despatches (copies) from and to Lord Castlereagh, Canning and Joseph Planta, Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1813 - 1823. The copies were made in connection with the criticisms of Lord Stewart's conduct as Ambassador, 1827 see also D/Lo/C 112
View D/Lo/C 63 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 64-117)

Political and personal correspondence
see also D/Lo/C 442 -497

Series of letters arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent

Aberdeen, 4th Earl of, see Gordon, George Hamilton

Anglesey, 1st Marquess of, see Paget, Henry William


Beresford, William Carr, Viscount Beresford (1768 - 1854) Soldier and commander of the British contingent in the Portuguese army, victorious at Albuera in 1811. General 1825, Master-General of the Ordnance 1828 - 1830. Irish affairs, the reform bill crisis, cholera in Sunderland, 1828 - 1834
View D/Lo/C 64 physical details


Browne, Sir Henry, Lord Stewart's A.D.C. Politics, Literary matters, etc., 1837 - 1838, 1845, 1850 - 1854
View D/Lo/C 65 physical details


Brunow, Baron Mainly social and court affairs, also mention interest of the Russian Navy in getting coal from Seaham, 1848 revolutions etc. (French and English), 1847 - 1848, 1853 see also D/Lo/C 445 (9 letters) Buckingham, 2nd Duke of, see Grenville, Richard Burghersh, Lord, see Fane, John


Butler, Richard, 2nd Earl of Glengall (1794 - 1858). Irish representative Peer Abolition of Irish Vice-Royalty and English politics, Protection etc., 1851, 1853
View D/Lo/C 67 physical details


Cambridge, Adolphus Frederick, 1st Duke of (1774 - 1850). Son of George III, Field Marshall, Viceroy of Hanover 1816 - 1837 Hanover's losses by the Vienna treaty (1815) and social; also letter from his son, George William declining an invitation, 1815, 1820, 1850 (4 letters) Clancarty, 2nd Earl of, see Trench, Richard Clarendon, 4th Earl of, see Villiers, George Cleveland, 2nd Duke of, see Vane, Sir Henry


Cotton, Sir Stapleton, Viscount Combermere, (1773 - 1865). Served in the Peninsula and commanded the allied cavalry in France 1815 - 1816; Commander in Chief, Ireland, 1822 - 1825;India, 1825 - 1830; Field Marshall 1855 Mainly personal and relating to army affairs, a few political on 'Papal Agression', difficulties of the Turks, funeral of the Duke of Wellington, etc., 1847 - 1854
View D/Lo/C 69 physical details


Cotton, Sir Willoughby (1783 - 1860). Served in the Peninsula; Governor of Jamaica, 1829 - 1834; Commander -in-Chief Bombay, 1847 - 1850, when Lord Adolphus Vane (q.v.) was his A.D.C. Letters relating to Lord Adolphus's career and the state of parties in the Commons, 1848,1851
View D/Lo/C 70 physical details


Croker, John Wilson (1780 - 1857). Politician, minor civil servant and litterateur Letters concerning the publication of various works by Lord Londonderry and Croker, social and personal and the writer's views on foreign and domestic politics including Ireland and the extinction of the Republic of Cracow, 1847, 1850, 1853 - 1854 See also D/Lo/C 451
View D/Lo/C 71 physical details


Cumberland, Duke of (Ernest Augustus) King of Hanover (1771 - 1851). Son of George III, a consistent opponent of reform he became King of Hanover in 1837 by provision of the Salic Law and made absolute monarch. A series of detailed letters on Hanover and European politics in general, including the 1848 Revolutions and attempts to get Hanover to join the Zollverein, 1831 - 1851 (204 letters) Derby, 14th Earl of see Stanley, Edward Geoffrey


Disraeli, Benjamin (1804 - 1881). Politician and novelist, Prime Minister 1868 and 1874-80. Close friend of the Londonderry family. Concerning the Peelite party and Lord Stanley's position in it, 1849
View D/Lo/C 73 physical details


D'Orsay, Alfred Guilliame, Count, (1801 - 1852). Dilettante and associate of the Countess of Blessington. Director of Fine Arts for the Emperor Napoleon III, 1852 Letters (French) concerning the publication of newspaper articles in France relating to Abd-el-Kadir and French politics and literary life generally, 1851 (25 letters) Dudley, 1st Earl of, see Ward, John William Dufferin, 2nd Baron, see Stevenson, John Dungannon, 3rd Viscount, see Trevor, Arthur Hill Durham, 1st Earl of, see Lambton John George Eglinton, 13th Earl of, see Scott, John Eldon, 2nd Earl of, see Scott, John


Esterhazy, Prince Personal letters and thanks to the Archduke of Austria for an invitation from Lord Londonderry (French), 1835, 1842, 1846
View D/Lo/C 75 physical details


Fane, John. Lord Burghersh and 11th Earl of Westmorland (1784 - 1859). Served in peninsula, diplomatic post in Italy, 1814 - 1815, resident minister Berlin, 1841 - 1851. Founder of the Royal Academy of Music. Proposed meeting of' Peel and Wellington with Cumberland and Eldon, the latter's grievances, etc., 1831, 1834, 1837
View D/Lo/C 76 physical details


Fitzroy, Capt. Robert, R.N., F.R.S. (1805 - 1865) son of Lord Charles Fitzroy and nephew of Lord Londonderry. Captain of H.M.S. Beagle, Governor of New Zealand, 1843 - 1845, M.P. for Durham City 1841. Minor matters of local and national politics. Fitzroy's personal and financial affairs and the Archduke of Austria's visit to Wynyard, 1841 - 1843 See also D/Lo/C 132
View D/Lo/C 77 physical details


Freemantle, Sir Thomas (1798 - 1890). Secretary to the Treasury, 1834, 1841, subsequently Chief Secretary for Ireland Appointment of a distributor of stamps for County Durham, 1842 (7 letters) Goderich, Viscount, see Robinson, Frederick John


Gordon George Hamilton, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (1784 - 1860). Ambassador at Vienna, 1813; Foreign Secretary 1828 - 1830, 1841 - 1846; led the Peelites after Sir Robert Peel's death, Prime Minister, 1852 - 1855 Londonderry's refusal of Vienna Embassy, suppression of Cracow, 1848, Revolutions, affairs in France (support for Guizot and repression of Socialists), formation of 'third party' (1851), quarrel with Londonderry after an incident in 'a promiscuous mob of peers and footmen', 1840 - 1852 See also D/Lo/C 453
View D/Lo/C 79 physical details


Graham, Sir James Robert (1792 - 1861). Peelite politician, Home Secretary, 1841 - 1846; First Lord of the Admiralty, 1852 - 1855 Placing of Conservatives on magisterial bench especially in Sunderland, precautions against Chartists (1843) and during the miner's strike (1844); Disraeli's fears for the aristocracy; proposal to Graham to join the Russell Administration (1849). Many letters relating to the Deputy Lieutenant, Clark of the Peace and other matters of County Government, 1841, 1843 - 1845, 1849 - 1852 See also D/Lo/C 454
View D/Lo/C 80 physical details


Grenville, Richard Plantagenet Temple Nugent, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (1797 - 1861). Protectionist politician, Lord Privy Seal, 1841 - 1842 Negotiations for the formation of a government under Wellington (1830), nature of Grey's administration, the 1835 election and subsequent political manoeuvres, government of Ireland etc., 1827, 1830 - 1831,1833 - 1838 See also D/Lo/C 455
View D/Lo/C 81 physical details


Grey Sir George (1799 - 1882). Grandson of the 1st Earl Grey, Home Secretary, 1846 - 1852, 1855 - 1858 and 1861 - 1866 Lord Lieutenancy of County Durham and the position of the Clerk of the Peace, 1846 - 1847 (7 letters) Hanover, King Ernest I of see Cumberland, Duke of


Hardinge, Sir Henry, 1st Viscount Hardinge (1785 - 1856). Fought in the Peninsula and was with Blucher at Quatre Bras, being British commissioner with the Prussians until 1818. M.P. Durham City, 1820 - 1830; Secretary of State for War, 1828 - 1830, 1841 - 1844; Secretary for Ireland, 1830, 1834 - 1835; Governor General of India, 1844 - 1847. Brother -in-law of Lord Londonderry. Formation of various ministries, Reform Bill affairs, Durham elections, proposals for office for Lord especially the Paris Embassy (1841), letters from India, (including a number from Lady Hardinge), 1827 - 1852 See also D/Lo/C 456 (233 letters) Hatherton, 1st Baron see Littleton, Edward John Hertford, 3rd Marquess of, see Seymour, Francis


Jocelyn, Robert, 3rd Earl of Roden (1788 - 1870). M.P. for Dundalk, 1810 - 1820, and Grandmaster of the Orange Society. Auditor - General of the Irish Exchequer. Politics in England and Ireland, dinner in honour of Sir Robert Peel (1835) and Roden's dismissal from the Irish Bench after the Dolly Brae riots, 1834 - 1835, 1837 - 1839, 1849
View D/Lo/C 84 physical details


Lamb, William 3rd Viscount Melbourne (1779 - 1848). Whig statesman, Home Secretary, 1830 - 1834, Prime Minister, 1834 - 1841 Maintenance of public order. See also D/Lo/C 459
View D/Lo/C 85 physical details


Lambton, John George, 1st Earl of Durham (1792 - 1840). M.P. for Durham County, 1813 - 1828; Lord Privy Seal, 1830; one of the drafters of the Reform Bill and in 1838 High Commissioner in Canada where he and Charles Buller produced the 'Durham Report'. Prominent coal owner in County Durham, his mines adjoined those of Londonderrys. Stephenson and the Clarence Railway, London Bridge Bill, regrets that Durham City has been subjected to a mercenary election, founding of a yeomanry Corps in Durham County, formation of Lord Grey's administration, County election of 1830 and results, Reform as a truly conservative measure which will secure the privileges of the aristocracy, 1828 - 1830
View D/Lo/C 86 physical details


Liddell , Henry Thomas 1st, Earl of' Ravensworth (1797 - 1878). M P. North Durham, 1837 - 1847 , and classical scholar Mainly concerning Ravensworth's request for support with the future success of Seaham Harbour for his loss of social position, 1834, 1837, 1841 See also D/Lo/C461
View D/Lo/C 87 physical details


Lieven, Princess Sympathy for Londonderry after the attack on him(1831), bad state of affairs in Spain (1835) and hopes for Tory victory in the 1841 election (French and English), 1831, 1835, 1841
View D/Lo/C 88 physical details


Littleton, Edward John. 1st Baron Hatherton (1791 - 1863). Whig politician, supporter of the reform Bill, Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1833 - 1834 Staffordshire County Meeting (1831); 'Papal Agression'; serious drought in Midlands (1851); tenants right question 'is a form of Socialism'; release of Abd-el-Kadir and the Duke of Wellington's funeral; policy of Napoleon III, 1831, 1850 - 1853
View D/Lo/C 89 physical details


Maltby, Edward, Bishop of Durham (1770 - 1859). Refusal to attend County Meeting to congratulate the Queen on her escape from assassination; consecration of Thorpe Thewles church, purchase of land for vicarage at Penshaw, 1842, 1846, 1849 - 1850 See also D/Lo/C 462
View D/Lo/C 90 physical details


Manners, John Henry, 5th Duke of Rutland (1778 - 1857) Political and social correspondence, 1827 - 1829, 1831, 1834 - 1835, 1838 - 1847, 1852 - 1854 (93 letters) Mansfield, 3rd Earl of, see Murray David


Metternich, Prince Clemens Wenzel (1773 - 1859). Austrian diplomatic and statesman, Foreign Minister, 1809 - 1848; exiled by the Revolutions of 1848 he lived in England until 1849 returning to Austria in 1851. His friendship with Lord Londonderry dated from the time of the latter's appointment in Vienna. Defeat of Charles Albert in Italy; Londonderry edition of Castlereagh's letters; the radical attack on the 'Metternich System'. Germany is sound, France is the danger; long account of Metternich's reception of the news of Napoleon's escape from Elba and his reactions to it in an interview with Talleyrand (French), 1848 - 1851 See also D/Lo/C 464
View D/Lo/C 92 physical details


Montgomerie, Archibald William, 13th Earl of Eglinton (1812 - 1861). Protectionist politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1852 - 1853, 1858 - 1859. In 1839 he held a Tournament at Eglinton Castle in which Lord Londonderry took part (see D/Lo/C 130). Regrets for the accident to Lord Seaham and other social matters; Lord Adolphus Vane as his A.D.C., 1850, 1852
View D/Lo/C 93 physical details


Murray, David 3rd Earl of Mansfield (1777 - 1840) Position of the King of Hanover particularly in reference to the constitutions of 1819 and 1835 which he was seeking to repudiate, 1837
View D/Lo/C 94 physical details


Paget, William Henry, 1st Marquess of Anglesey (1768 - 1854). Served in the Peninsular and wounded at Waterloo. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1828 - 1833; Field Marshall, 1846 Mainly concerning proposal (1840) to hold a dinner of Hussar Officers in honour of Prince Albert, 1815, 1826 - 1829, 1840, 1845, 1853
View D/Lo/C 95 physical details


Peel, Sir Robert (1788 - 1850). Home Secretary, 1822 - 1830; Prime Minister, 1834 - 1835, 1839 and 1841 - 1846. Close political associate of the Duke of Wellington he maintained contacts with Lord Londonderry and offered him various diplomatic appointments notably the St. Petersburg Embassy in 1834. see Introduction, section 2 Steps being taken to maintain order in County Durham in view of restlessness of the miners (1826); offer of, and Londonderry's resignation from, the St. Petersburg Embassy (1834 - 1835); travels in France and meeting with Talleyrand (1836); principles on which the administration will be formed (1841); letters on the regulation of the coal trade, Durham elections, the state of the Conservative party therein and local patronage, 1826, 1829,1831,1833 - 1839, 1841 - 1849 See also D/Lo/C 470 (78 letters) Raglan, 1st Baron, see Somerset, Lord Fitzroy James Ripon, 1st Earl of, see Robinson Frederick John


Robinson, Frederick John, Viscount Goderich, 1st Earl of Ripon (1782 - 1859). Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1823 - 1827, Prime Minister, 1827 - 1828; Lord Privy Seal, 1833 - 1834; President of the Board of the Board of Trade, 1841 Proposals for Conservative reunion (1848); events in France and Italy particularly the activities of Louis Napoleon; 'Paper Agression' ; fears about the influx of foreigners visiting the Great Exhibition; reasons for conservative defeat in 1852, 1831, 1848 1850 - 1853 See also D/Lo/C122 (17 letters) Roden, 3rd Earl of, see Jocelyn Robert


Russell, Lord John (1798 - 1878). Leading Whig statesman and advocate of Reform; Prime Minister, 1846 - 1852 and 1865 - 1866 Refusal to accept Londonderry's advice; (to William Fulford) recounting conversation with Londonderry on his appointment as Ambassador to Russia and his views on the Polish rebellion; success of the French President against the rebels; visit of the Queen to Ireland, 1835, 1847, 1849 (4 letters) Rutland, 5th Duke of, see Manners, John Henry


Seymour, Francis, 3rd Marquess of Hertford (1777 - 1842). Warden of the Stannaries and Vice Admiral of the Duchy of Cornwall Concerning the improper proceedings of the Government in advising a dissolution of Parliament; Leopold of Belgium and Louis Philippe, 1831
View D/Lo/C 99 physical details


Smythe, Percy Clinton Sydney, 6th Viscount Strangford (1780 - 1855). Ambassador at Lisbon, 1806; Stockholm, 1817; Constantinople, 1820; St. Petersburg, 1825; translated the works of Camoens Political diplomatic and social affairs of the Queen of Portugal and Dom Pedro; English relations with France, 1830; Reform Bill; sale of Lord Londonderry's Correggios, 1834; danger of republicanism in England, 1835; detailed letters on politics during the Peel Administration and foreign affairs, especially in regard to France, 1825 - 1832, 1834 - 1847, 1852 - 1853
View D/Lo/C 100 physical details


Somerset, Lord Fitzroy James, 1st Baron Raglan (1788 - 1855). Fought in the Peninsula and was successor to Wellington as Commander-in-Chief in 1852; Secretary of the Horse Guards, 1827 - 1852 Affairs of the regiment of Horse Guards and in particular the resignation of Lieutenant George Trafford Heald as a result of his marriage to Lola Montes, the notorious adventuress, 1843, 1847, 1849, 1852 - 1853 See also D/Lo/C 477
View D/Lo/C 101 physical details


Stanley, Edward Geoffrey, 14th Earl of Derby (1799 - 1869). Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1 1830 - 1833; a moderate reformer. he joined the Conservatives in 1835; Colonial Secretary, 1841 - 1844, became leader of Protectionists; Prime Minister 1852, 1858 - 1859, 1866 - 1868 Irish representative peerage; Co. Down election; acknowledging of Napoleon III (copy of Lord Londonderry); formation of Aberdeen's Government; resignation of Palmerston and likely fall of the Government, 1849 - 1854 See also D/Lo/C 480
View D/Lo/C 102 physical details


Stevenson, Sir James, 2nd Baron Dufferin (1755 - 1836). Irish representative peer Unsettled state of Ireland and county meetings there; support for the government to be formed by Wellington (1834), 1831, 1834
View D/Lo/C 103 physical details


Stewart, Frederick, Viscount Castlereagh (1805 - 1872). Eldest son of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry by his first wife; married the daughter of the 3rd Earl of Roden in 1846; friend of the Countess of Blessington and of Disraeli; keen sportsman and traveller Travels in Syria, Egypt, France and Italy (with remarks on Italian paintings); his matrimonial negotiations; sporting, social and political activities, 1837, 1842 - 1847 See also D/Lo/C 481 (91 letters) Strangford, 6th Viscount, see Smythe, Percy Clinton Sydney


Taylor, Sir Herbert (1775 - 1839). Fought in the Netherlands; Private Secretary to George III and William IV King's request that House of Lords should abandon opposition to the Reform Bill, draft of Lord Londonderry's reply; reply to complaint of a treasonable libel appearing in The Hull Portfolio with a copy of the paper in question, 1832, 1835
View D/Lo/C 105 physical details


Trench, Richard 2nd Earl of Clancarty (1767 - 1837). Irish barrister and diplomat, opponent of Catholic Emancipation. Ambassador to the Netherlands 11813, 11816 - 1822; plenipotentiary at Vienna, 1814 - 1815 See also D/Lo/C 46 Death of Lord Castlereagh and blackmail attempts against him; Catholic Emancipation and the disastrous foreign policy of Canning, his control of the press, etc.; state of affairs in Ireland and had example of Reform Bill and Belgian revolt, 1822 - 1823, 1827 - 1829, 1831
View D/Lo/C 106 physical details


Trevor, Arthur Hill, 3rd Viscount Dungannon (1798 - 1862). Consistent opponent of reform; M.P. for Durham City, 1831, 1835 and 1843. hut unseated for corruption on the latter occasion on the petition of John Bright; acted as a trustee for the Londonderry Settlement and was a governor of Houghton Grammar School see also D/Lo/E 14 and D/Lo/F 635-636 His financial and social difficulties; Durham County politics and affairs in the House. Some letters are from Lady Dungannon, 1837 - 1838, 1840 - 1847
View D/Lo/C 107 physical details


Van Mildert, William, Bishop of Durham (1765 - 1836). The last Prince-Bishop and a founder of Durham University; elevated to the see in 1826 Support for Trevor and Hardinge in the elections; attack on Lord Londonderry; proposal for establishing Durham University; disturbed state of the County, 1831
View D/Lo/C 108 physical details


Vane-Tempest, Lord Adolphus (1825 - 1864). Second son of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry by his second wife See also D/Lo/F 479-96, D/Lo/C 180, 219, 224-235 Journey with his schoolmaster, Mr. Glover, through Holland, Belgium and Germany, 1842, and a copy of Glover's report on Lord Adolphus's conduct before the journey; service with the Rifle Brigade on Corfu, 1844 - 1845; from Bombay while A.D.C. to Sir Willoughby Cotton, 1847; letter from Seville, 1851; election campaign and progress of the election petition on which Lord Adolphus was unseated as M.P. for Durham City, 1852 - 1853; social and financial affairs and his military career etc., 1842, 1844 - 1853
View D/Lo/C 109 physical details


Vane, Henry, 2nd Duke of Cleveland (171818 - 1864). Lieutenant General and Colonel of the Durham Militia Durham Militia, 1842; Anti-Corn Law League; Sedgefield Hunt and other social and County affairs, 1842, 1848 - 1849, 1852
View D/Lo/C 110 physical details


Villiers, George, 4th Earl of Clarendon (11800 - 1870). Ambassador at Madrid, 1833 - 1839; Lord Privy Seal, 1839 - 1841; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1847 - 1852; Foreign Secretary, 1853 - 1858, 1865 - 1866, 1868 - 1870 Mainly concerning Ireland but also relating to English and continental affairs, including the dismissal of Lord Roden from the Irish Bench (see D/Lo/C 184); death of the King of Hanover; the breach between Clarendon and Londonderry over Lord Hardinge's proposal to Lord Derby that Londonderry should take office; formation of Aberdeen's government, 1847 - 1852
View D/Lo/C 111 physical details


Ward, John William, 1st Earl of Dudley (1781 - 1833). Tory politician; Foreign Secretary, 1827 - 1828 Attacks on Lord Londonderry in The Times about his diplomatic service and the circumstances of his resignation from the Vienna Embassy, 1827 See also D/Lo/C 63
View D/Lo/C 112 physical details


Wellesley, Arthur, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769 - 1852). Commander-in-Chief, Peninsula, 1809 - 1814, where Lord Londonderry was his Adjutant General for much of the campaign; attended the Verona Congress, 1822, where he deputised for Lord Londonderry as British representative; Envoy to Russia, 1826; Prime Minister, 1828 - 1830; Minister without Portfolio, 1841 - 1846; Commander-in-Chief 1842 - 1852 Peninsular campaign, appointment of Stewart as Adjutant General, 1809; siege of Badajoz, 1809; French moves in Estremadura, 1810; aftermath of Busaco and Mortier's attack on Alemtejo, 1811; second siege of Badajos, 1812, and comments on Government changes at home; state of the Allied army and operations after Waterloo, 1815; death of Castlereagh and Verona Congress, 1822; Canning as Prime Minister, 1827; Wellington's Government, Corn Bill, 1828; Coal Committee, Banking Bill, the Duke of Cumberland, 1829; Coal Owners request for troops to quell miners, 1830. Durham elections, 1831; National Gallery, Second Administration; memorandum on policy to be pursued in the Lords, 1835; activities of O'Connell, 1840; the Duke's Spanish estates and General O'Lawlor, 1841 - 1842; Duke's position after the fall of Peel, 1846; various letters on electoral and military matters, 1809 - 1850 See also D/Lo/C 484
View D/Lo/C 113 physical details


Wellesley, Arthur Richard, 2nd Duke of Wellington (11807 - 1884). M.P. for Norwich, 1837 - 1852; Master of the Horse, 1853 - 1858 Londonderry's appointment to the 1st Duke of Wellington's Garter; present of a copy of the Castlereagh despatches edited by Lord Londonderry, 1853
View D/Lo/C 114 physical details


Wetherell, Sir Charles, (1770 - 1846). Barrister and Tory politician; Solicitor General, 1824; Attorney General, 1826, 18218; Recorder of Bristol where his actions caused the great riot of 1831 Proposal for coalition; Catholic Emancipation; O'Connell; Peel's assumption of office; law relating to State offences, 1827 - 1828, 1834, 1838
View D/Lo/C 115 physical details


Wharton, Gerald Blisson (1782? - 1865). Clerk of the Peace for County Durham, 1839 - 1865 Appointments to the magisterial bench and a dispute between Lord Londonderry and Walter Scruton, Deputy Clerk of the Peace, 1842 - 1844
View D/Lo/C 116 physical details


Various correspondents, miscellaneous letters on unrelated subjects Including: Frederick, Duke of York to Wellington (copy) requesting Lord Stewart's transfer to a field command ,1811; Lord Bathurst on the Allies' recognition of Napoleon's abdication, 1815; to Lord Londonderry from Lord Stewart answering his father's criticisms of his hunting at Vienna, 1819; Lord Liverpool concerning the Durham patronage, 1820; Rowland Burdon, vacancy in the Stockton customs, 1821; Gentz farewell on leaving Venice, French, 1822; to Lord Liverpool (copy) offering to resign as Lord of the Bedchamber and Governor of Fort Charles, 1822; Frederick, Duke of York, on his wish to attend Castlereagh's funeral, 1822; Robert Hamilton on the possibility of having Lord Castlereagh elected to Parliament, with lawyers' opinions on the election of minors, 1826; Maurice Fitzgerald postponing his motion on the Union, 1827; Capodistria on the Greek question, French, 1827; Pozzo di Borgo on an understanding with La 117(cont) Ferronaye, 1828; Duke of Norfolk, dress for George IV's funeral, 1830; Lord Edward Stanley's instructions to Irish J.P.'s for dealing with riotous assemblies, 1830; Lord Hill on changes in the Hussar's Uniform, 1831; Lord Lansdowne on public disorders and the threat to the trade of Seaham Harbour, 1831; Lord Howden on the alarming state of Ireland, 1834; Lord Camden on the strength of the Whit Government, 1835; General Antignac seeking a duel with Lord Londonderry on the advice of the Duke of Dalmatia (i.e. Soult), 1837; General During, secretary to the King of Hanover on personal matters and events in Germany, including the Revolutions etc., 1842 1848; Sidney Herbert concerning the grants for the maintenance of the Hussar regiment, 1845; Lord Dalhousie on the Dock and Railway Bill, 1846; Sir Robert Gordon on attempts to establish trade between Trieste and Seaham, 1846; Duke of Leinster on repeal of the Union, 1848; Henry Labouchere on South Eastern Railway Co.'s illegal dealing in coal, 1848; Lord Brougham on 'a piece of low impertinence', 1850; John Arthur Roebuck asking whether Lord Londonderry was told of the King's intention to create peers in 1832, 1851;Edward peele on proposed erection of a chain bridge over the River Wear at Pelaw Leases, 1835; John Bidwell on controversy concerning Sir Robert Wilson's part in the Battle of Leipzig, 1853, 1811 - 1853 See also D/Lo/C 442, 472
View D/Lo/C 117 physical details

Letters from various persons arranged according to subject (Ref: D/Lo/C 118-140)

Death of Lady Catherine Stewart, 1812 From Edward Cooke to Wellington and from Lord Castlereagh to Lord Stewart; also part of a letter from Stewart to Castlereagh concerning the education of Frederick Stewart and containing diplomatic news, 1913; typescript copies of all letters, probably sent by Lord Henry Vane-Tempest c. 1900 to Lord Londonderry, 1812
View D/Lo/C 118 physical details


10th Royal Hussars, 1821 Copy letters to Sir Herbert Taylor with reply requesting that the regiment he made a Royal Guards regiment; also a letter from Lieutenant Butler recounting the seizure of Trieste in 1814 at which he was present, 1821
View D/Lo/C 119 physical details


Lord Castlereagh's appointments, 1822 Lord Londonderry's assumption of the appointments and offices especially in Ireland previously held by his brother; copy letter from Henry Goulburn to Robert Peel and letter from Edward Littleton on the proposed statue by Chantrey; letter from George Holford on Lord Stewart's resignation and Canning's appointment to the Foreign Office, 1822
View D/Lo/C 120 physical details


Londonderry Militia, 1823 Dispute over the command of the militia which had been given to Sir G. Hill who refused to resign in favour of Lord Londonderry; letters from Lord Liverpool and Lord Camden, 1823
View D/Lo/C 121 physical details


Goderich's Government, 1827 Death of Canning and negotiations with Wellington and Lansdowne for the formation of a Ministry; appointment of Goderich as Prime Minister; Lord Londonderry's audience with the King. Correspondents include Lord Ellenborough and Prince Gortchakoff, 1827
View D/Lo/C 122 physical details


Catholic Emancipation, 1827 - 1828 Lord Londonderry's audience with the King, 13 April 1827; minutes, letters from Ellenborough, Lansdowne and Wellington and draft letter to Hardinge
View D/Lo/C 123 physical details


Lord Londonderry's literary works, 1828, 1830, 1848 Letter of thanks for copies of the books and comments on them, including disclaimer from George Robert Gleig that he wrote the Narrative of the Peninsular War and Queen's refusal to accept the dedication of the Castlereagh Memoirs and Correspondence, 1828, 1830, 1848 See also D/Lo/C 493
View D/Lo/C 124 physical details


Russian Embassy, 1834 - 1835 Lord Londonderry's appointment to, and resignation from, the St. Petersburg Embassy. Correspondents include Clancarty, Posso di Borgo, Ravensworth and Burghersh, 1834 - 1835
View D/Lo/C 125 physical details


Irish Mail, 1835 - 1849 Letters from the Marquis of Downshire and others regarding the relative merits of Portpatrick, Wigtownshire and Greenock, Renfrewshire, as ports for the Irish mail. Letters relating to the improvement of the service. Correspondents include Lords Downshire and Clanricarde, 1835 - 1849
View D/Lo/C 126 physical details


Lord Wellesley's resignation, 1835 Disputes concerning Wellesley's resignation from the Lord Chamberlainship and Lord Londonderry's claims for a pension for his diplomatic services; with a memorandum in Lord Londonderry's hand on the circumstances surrounding the Duke of Wellington's resignation from the Premiership and letters from Wellesley and Wellington, 1835
View D/Lo/C 127 physical details


Visit to Russia, Letter from Prince Volkonsky and invitation to Tsarskoe-Selo from Tsar Nicholas I; invitation to a military parade (in Russian); extract from St. Petersburg newspaper, 1836 See also D/Lo/C 550
View D/Lo/C 128 physical details


Wellington Memorial, 1838, 1847 Letter (copy) from Lord Londonderry setting forth his views on the proposed statue and letter (copy) from Matthew Cotes Wyatt, the sculptor, 1838, 1847 See also D/Lo/C 496
View D/Lo/C 129 physical details


Eglinton Tournament Testimonial, 1839 - 1840 Proposed testimonial to Lord Eglinton to commemorate the Tournament of 1839 at which Lord Londonderry was King of the Lists. From Sir George Head, deputy marshal at the coronations of William IV and Victoria, and John Hume Cust, Viscount Afford, who was the Knight of the Black Lion at the Tournament, and other participants with draft replies from Lord Londonderry See also D/Lo/C 495, D/Lo/F 1047
View D/Lo/C 130 physical details


Carlist Wars, 1840 Claims for arrears of pay for the British Auxiliary Legion which fought in Spain during the Carlist wars. Lord Londonderry was a supporter of these claims, 1840
View D/Lo/C 131 physical details


Durham Elections, 1841 The City and South Durham constituencies. In the City Robert Fitzroy and Thomas Granser were returned unopposed and in South Durham Lord Henry Vane and John Bowes defeated James Farrer and William Russell. Includes: (1) Lord Eldon on the South Durham election (3 letters) (2) Thomas Maynard, the election agent, on the City and South Durham elections especially relating to the cost of the canvass and the creation of freemen and the withdrawal of Sheppard, the second Conservative, during the election (17 letters) (3) Captain Robert Fitzroy, the Londonderry candidate, on the treachery of Sheppard and his Urquhart connections and difficulties with Maynard, the agent; also Fitzroy's challenge to one Taylor which resulted in his spending part of the campaign hiding from the police (22 letters) See also D/Lo/C 463


Durham Quarter Sessions, 1842 Letters from Rowland Burdon concerning the Chairmanship of Quarter Sessions, 1842
View D/Lo/C 133 physical details


Durham City Election, 1843 Letters from agents, etc., concerning the split in the Conservative interest between Thomas Purvis and Robert Ward, the latter being the candidate supported by Lord Londonderry. (The election, caused by the unseating of Lord Dungannon for corruption, was finally won by John Bright). Correspondents include Lord Ravensworth, Duke of Cleveland, Lord Hardinge, Sir Thomas Fremantle, and Sir Robert Peel on the Government's reluctance to intervene in the election, Lord Strangfrod, etc., 1843 See also D/Lo/C 479
View D/Lo/C 134 physical details


Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest's career, 1845 - 1851 Lord Londonderry's statement and letters concerning his son's 'odious vice' of smoking, and correspondence with Prince Albert's secretary about a commission for Lord Adolphus. Also a draft letter to Lord Rokeby on the question of an understanding between his daughter and Lord Adolphus.
View D/Lo/C 135 physical details


Queen's Guards, 1846 Letters to and from Guards' officers concerning the reports made to Lord Londonderry as Gold Stick-in-Waiting See also D/Lo/C 492
View D/Lo/C 136 physical details


Abd-el-Kadir, 1851, 1853 The Algerian chieftain had surrendered to the French in 1847 on the understanding he would he allowed to go into exile but the conditions of his surrender were broken and he was detained in France. Lord Londonderry interceded with Louis Napoleon for his release which he eventually obtained. Letters from Lord Brougham, Stratford de Redcliffe, Comtesse de Barhotan (French) and Abd-el-Kadir (French) See also D/Lo/C 458
View D/Lo/C 137 physical details


Lord Londonderry's Garter, 1852 Congratulatory letters on the award of the Duke of Wellington's Garter to Lord Londonderry
View D/Lo/C 138 physical details


Lord Fitzroy Somerset's testimonial, 1852 Letters concerning campaign to make Lord Somerset Commander-in-Chief on the death of the Duke of Wellington and In hold a testimonial for him. Correspondents include Lord Egerton and the Duke of Richmond
View D/Lo/C 139 physical details


Duke of Wellington's funeral, 1852 Correspondence with the Duke of Cambridge concerning the arrangements for the funeral in which Lord Londonderry was involved as Gold Stick-in-Waiting; also relating to a dispute over protocol with Silver Stick-in-Waiting
View D/Lo/C 140 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 141-157)

Business and estate correspondence
See also D/Lo/C 498-511

Anderson, Robert, see D/Lo/C 185


Braddyll, Colonel Thomas Coal mines, Seaham Harbour and financial affairs. The letters for 1831 refer to the proposed candidature of Edward Braddyll for the Durham County seat. Also some letters concerning Braddyll's house at Conishead Priory (Lancaster) on which Phillip Wyatt was employed as architect, 1827 - 1831
View D/Lo/C 141 physical details


Buddle, John, chief viewer of the Londonderry collieries Series of letters reporting to the 3rd Marquess on the condition, progress and prospects of the collieries at Penshaw, Rainton, Pittington and the Seaham Harbour developments; also concerning labour relations and the strike of 1831; general financial matters; rebuilding of Wynyard Hall; organisation of the coal trade, etc., 1819 - 1843 See also D/Lo/C 500
View D/Lo/C 142 physical details


Cowburn W., 10 Lincoln's Inn Fields Principally concerning legal problems arising from the construction of Seaham Harbour, especially the proceedings against Robertson for breach of contract (see D/Lo/L 20) and the arrangements with the Londonderry trustees See also D/Lo/C 503
View D/Lo/C 143 physical details


Elliot, George, colliery agent at Rainton Haswell and Hetton collieries; Sunderland-Seaham Railway, 1853
View D/Lo/C 144 physical details


Gibson, John, general agent for the Londonderry estates Colliery estates and farms, Wynyard, etc.; also Gibson's report on the position of the estates in 1854, 1851 - 1854
View D/Lo/C 145 physical details


Gregson, John, solicitor, Durham, and Bedford Row, London; legal adviser to the Londonderry trustees and general agent for the Durham affairs of the family The letters for 1832 contain references to the Durham City election, 1825 - 1850 See also D/Lo/C 504
View D/Lo/C 146 physical details


Groom, William, Lord Castlereagh's solicitor, Lincoln's Inn Fields. Mainly concerning the settlement of the Londonderry estates, 1819 - 1821
View D/Lo/C 147 physical details


Hindhaugh, Nathaniel, chief viewer of the Londonderry collieries in succession to Buddle Operation of the collieries; Pitmen's Strike of 1844; coal trade regulation; coal export duty; state of the trade; North Durham election, 1847; negotiations with the Hetton Grange and other coal companies; Durham City election, 1852, 1843 - 1852 See also D/Lo/C 506
View D/Lo/C 148 physical details


Hunter, George, agent at Wynyard, Penshaw and Belmont Regulation of the coal trade; negotiations with the Dean and Chapter; accounts for the Durham election, 1836; reports on the condition of Wynyard and its reconstruction in 1843 including details of meeting with Bonomi; Pitmen's Strike, 1844, and the employment of Irish labourers as strike breakers; Durham City elections, 1832, 1843 and 1847; surgery provision at collieries, 1845; matters relating to railways, 1832, 1838 - 1847, 1849 See also D/Lo/C 507
View D/Lo/C 149 physical details


Iveson, John, manager of the estates of Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest Reports on the estates and the business enterprises. Bound with these are letters from Buddle reporting on the collieries, 1819 - 1821
View D/Lo/C 150 physical details


Mcdonnell, Edmund, (Londonderry trustee) Glenarm Castle (Antrim) Largely relating to the trusteeship's sale of the Londonderry pictures, 1834; Pitmen's Strike and the cancelling of the bonds, 1844, etc., 1827, 1830 - 1831, 1834 - 1846 See also D/Lo/C 508
View D/Lo/C 151 physical details


Taylor, Hugh, Coal Trade Association Secretary, Earsdon (Northumberland) Letters to Hindhaugh on coal trade organisation and the negotiations with the Hetton Coal Co. Draft of Lord Londonderry's reply, 1846 See also D/Lo/C509
View D/Lo/C 152 physical details


Wright, Joseph John, agent in Sunderland Conservative politics in Sunderland, 1839; Sunderland election, 1841; magistracy, visit of the Duke of Cambridge, 1842; dispute between the fishermen and the freemen, 1842; Durham City election, 1843; attempt to obtain Buddle's private papers after his death, 1843; Sunderland election, 1847; diversion of the carriage road and search in the county records relating to it, 1850; matters concerning the Londonderry Trust after McDonnell's death and the discovery of his misappropriation of certain Trust funds, 1852 - 1853; and general estate matters relating to Seaham, railway and collieries etc., 1839, 1841 - 1845, 1849 - 1854 See also D/Lo/C 489
View D/Lo/C 153 physical details


Various correspondents; miscellaneous letters on unrelated subjects. Including: Privy Council secretary on the raising of quarantine restrictions on Seaham, 1832; Returns of Seaham vend from William Spence, the fitter, 1832; Ignatius Bonomi on the conservatory at Wynyard, 1841; William Charles Chaytor on behalf of the Dean and Chapter concerning the colliery leases, 1846; Dutch Consul in Newcastle on coal trade between Seaham and Holland, 1853; orders concerning the entry of screw steamers to Seaham Harbour, 1853, 1826 - 1853
View D/Lo/C 154 physical details


Family heirlooms. Letters from Cowburn, etc., relating to dispute over heirlooms between the Vane Tempest and Stewart families after the death of the Dowager Marchioness, 1825 - 1829
View D/Lo/C 155 physical details


Seaham Harbour leases. From Gregson, Buddle and Thomas Donkin on the supposed invalidity of the Seaham building leases, 1830
View D/Lo/C 156 physical details


Wynyard rebuilding. From William Wright, Thomas Donaldson, George Hunter and others concerning the negotiations with the architects, Dobson, Prosser and Bonomi, 1844 - 1845
View D/Lo/C 157 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 158-166)

Irish correspondence
See also D/Lo/C 512-522


Andrews, John, agent at Comber (Down) Rent collection, estate accounts, Co. Down election, 1852, etc., 1836 - 1844, 1849 - 1853 See also D/Lo/C 512
View D/Lo/C 158 physical details


Bateson, Sir Robert Mainly concerning the legal aspects of the Irish estates, 1849 - 1851
View D/Lo/C 159 physical details


Cassidy, Robert, Donegal Place, Belfast, general agent for the Irish Estates Includes letters to Lady Londonderry, 1850 - 1855, 1857, 1859 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 160 physical details


Kelly, Robert, solicitor, 14 Ship Street, Belfast Estate affairs at Newtownards; also references to the Co. Down election, 1852
View D/Lo/C 161 physical details


Lowry, Robert, agent at Londonderry Forwarding rent accounts, 1852
View D/Lo/C 162 physical details


Wilson, Richard, steward of the Antrim estates, Carnlough Including letters to Lady Londonderry. Many letters deal with the construction, improvement and administration of the Harbour at Carnough, 1852 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 163 physical details


Various correspondents Richard Wilson, Robert Simpson, Marquess of Sligo, J. Hannyngton, the Mayor of Dublin, and others on various matters, with accounts and other enclosures; reports and letters on Portpatrick harbour; list of the landowners of Co. Down and the number of votes they control; tenants who 'plumped' for Crawford in 1852, etc., 1835, 1846, 1849 - 1852 See also D/Lo/C 522
View D/Lo/C 164 physical details


Antrim Estate Settlement Letters from Anderson, Cassidy, Wright, etc. on the settlement and the dispute concerning the Garron Tower plate, 1851 - 1854
View D/Lo/C 165 physical details


County Down Election Lord Castlereagh, the original Londonderry nominee, withdrew and the nomination was offered to David Ker, Lord Londonderry's nephew, but, as a result of a breach between them, John Stewart became the nominee. The other candidate was the Irish Radical, Sharman Crawford. Letters from the three candidates, Lord Downshire, Lord Dungannon, Lord Clanwilliam, Lord Eglinton, John Anderson, Robert Gordon, etc.; statement on the dispute between Ker and Lord Londonderry, 1852 See also D/Lo/C 520
View D/Lo/C 166 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 167-184)

Correspondence of Frances Anne, Marchioness of Londonderry
Frances Anne Vane-Tempest (1800 - 1865) was the daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest. She married the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry in 1819 and, after his death in 1854, ran the estates and commercial enterprises with the assistance of her sons, Earl Vane and Lord Adolphus Vane. She resided mainly at Seaham Hall until her death. A close friend of Disraeli she appears as the 'Marchioness of Deloraine' in Sybil.
See also D/Lo/C 523-568

Personal correspondence
See also D/Lo/C 524


Alison, Sir Archibald (1792 - 1867). Historian; author of a celebrated History of Europe published between 1833 and 1842 and of Lives of Lord Castlereagh and Sir Charles Stewart; Rector of Marischal College, Aberdeen, 1845, and Glasgow University, 1852 Almost entirely relating to the progress of the Lives and the use of the sources necessary for it. A few contain references to personal and political events, 1854, 1859 - 1862 See also D/Lo/C 524 (27 letters) Argyll, 8th Duke of, see Campbell, George Douglas


Browne, Sir Henry, soldier and diplomat and colleague of Lord Stewart at the Vienna Embassy. Concerning the letters of Lord Stewart in his possession and provision to be made for the Londonderry manuscripts, 1854
View D/Lo/C 168 physical details


Brunnow, Baron Death of the Empress Dowager; other social news concerning members of the Russian royal family; unveiling of the Londonderry monument in Durham, 1860 - 1862 See also D/Lo/C 526
View D/Lo/C 169 physical details


Campbell, George Douglas, 8th Duke of Argyll (1823 - 1900). Lord Privy Seal, 1852 - 1855, 1859 - 1866, 1880 - 1881; Postmaster-General, 1855 - 1858 Financing of postal services, especially in Ireland, 1856 (2 letters) Clarendon, 4th Earl of, see Villiers, George William Frederick


Croker, John Wilson The unlikelihood of Alison being able to undertake the Life of Lord Stewart and possible steps to be taken in the circumstances, 1857 See also D/Lo/C 71 and D/Lo/C 528
View D/Lo/C 171 physical details


Disraeli, Benjamin See also D/Lo/C 73 and D/Lo/C 530 From Paris describing a meeting with the Emperor and the Prince Napoleon, his impressions of the city: 'Paris is a beautiful woman', 1857 (1 letter) Durham, 2nd Earl of, see Lambton, George Frederick D'Arcy Durham, Bishop of, see Longley, Charles Thomas


Faber, Frederick William (1814 - 1863). Founder of the London Oratory; writer; friend of Newman Relating to a penitent in Brescia wishing to make restitution for cheating Lord Londonderry when the latter was in Vienna, 1857
View D/Lo/C 173 physical details


Gloucester, Mary, Duchess of (1776 - 1857). Daughter of George III and wife of William Frederick, 2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh Sympathy on the distressing news about Lord Adolphus, c. 1855
View D/Lo/C 174 physical details


Lambton, George Frederick D'Arcy, 2nd Earl of Durham (1828 - 1879) Proposed amalgamation of the North Eastern and Hartlepool Railway Companies and its injurious effects on the coal trade, 1857
View D/Lo/C 175 physical details


Longley, Charles Thomas (1794 - 1868). Bishop of Durham, 1856 - 1860; Archbishop of York, 1860 - 1862; and of Canterbury, 1862 - 1868. Consecration of Seaham church, endowment and appointment to the living; statement on the 'spiritual destitution' of the diocese; holding of prayers in private premises, etc.; also letter from Charles Baring, Bishop of Durham (1861 - 1879), 1857 - 1862
View D/Lo/C 176 physical details


Peel, General Jonathan (1799 - 1879). Brother of Sir Robert Peel; Surveyor-General of the Ordnance, 1841 - 1846; Secretary for War, 1858, and 1866 - 1867. Presentation of a Russian gun to Seaham, 1858
View D/Lo/C 177 physical details


Reynett, Colonel Sir James Henry, Peninsula veteran and A.D.C. to Queen Victoria. Alison's Life and Reynett's interest; Lord Londonderry's talents as a writer of despatches and the importance of his negotiations with Bernadotte. Reynett's correspondence with Lord Stewart and Hudson Lowe, 1860 See also D/Lo/C 541
View D/Lo/C 178 physical details


Robinson-Montagu, Henry, 6th Baron Rokeby (1798 - 1883). Served at Waterloo and in the Crimea; had considerable estates in Northumberland and the North Riding Social matters and negotiations concerning the Barmston estate, 1859 (3 letters) Rokeby, 6th Baron, see Robinson-Montagu, Henry


Vane-Tempest, Lord Adolphus Frederick Charles William (1825 - 1864). Second son of Frances Anne; Lt. Col., Scots Guards; M.P. for Durham City; married Susan, daughter of the 5th Duke of Newcastle. (1) From India while acting as Sir Willoughby Cotton's A.D.C. and during the journey there and return to England, 1847 - 1848 (33 letters) (2) From Spain while on a visit, chiefly from Madrid, also Barcelona, Malaga and Cadiz, one from Paris, 1851 ` (9 letters) (3) Relating to election petition on which Lord Adolphus was unseated as M.P. for Durham City, 1853 (4 letters) (4) Crimean War; letters mainly written from the camps at Karani, Balaclava, or before Sebastopol, containing detailed accounts at frequent intervals, November 1854 - September 1855 (76 letters) (5) Marriage with Lady Susan Pelham-Clinton and other personal matters; Letters also to Earl Vane from and concerning his brother and from Lady Susan, 1855 - 1862
View D/Lo/C 180 physical details


Villiers, George William Frederick, 4th Earl of Clarendon Death of Lord Londonderry and return of his Bath and Garter robes and decorations, though substitute may be provided and no questions would be asked about it'; advice on what should be done for Lord Ernest Vane-Tempest now in America-'if he remains too long . . . in N. York he may contract bad habits', 1854, 1857 See also D/Lo/C 111
View D/Lo/C 181 physical details


Various correspondents Miscellaneous letters of a personal nature, Including: Prince Gortchakoff, condolences on Lord Londonderry's death (French), 1854; Sir Benjamin Hall, 1856; Lord Chelmsford, 1858; Lord Carlisle, 1858, Conservative agents on the registration association, 1859; Sir Robert Peel on Queen's College, Dublin, 1861; Lord Hatherton on Lord Londonderry's monument, 1861; Lord Mayor of Newcastle on the Hartley Colliery relief fund, 1862; Archbishop of York, 1864; Sir George Hamilton Seymour on the Danish question, 1864; Lord Loughborough and others on the Durham election, 1864, 1854 - 1864 See also D/Lo/C 537
View D/Lo/C 182 physical details


South Durham Election From James Farrer asking for Lady Londonderry's support and explaining his vote in the House on the China Question, 1857
View D/Lo/C 183 physical details


Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest Settlement and finances of Lord Adolphus from Upton, Ravenshaw and other Londonderry agents. A few letters addressed to Lord Adolphus himself, 1854 - 1861
View D/Lo/C 184 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 185-216)

Estate and business correspondence
See also D/Lo/C 553-568


Anderson, Robert, principal agent at Seaham Harbour, previously agent at Penshaw and Fencehouses General estate matters and the running of the business enterprises, mechanical and trading aspects. The letters for 1844 - 1846 (addressed to Lord Londonderry) include references to the Pitmen's Strike of 1844 and the North Durham election of 1846, 1844 - 1846, 1854 - 1859, 1861 - 1865
View D/Lo/C 185 physical details


Brown, William, bailiff at Wynyard Farms and gardens, sale of produce and state of stock etc., 1864
View D/Lo/C 186 physical details


Clayton, William Clayton, solicitor, Lincoln's Inn, originally Clayton Walters of Newcastle. Londonderry legal agent in London from 1854 and general adviser on estate matters to Lady Londonderry Legal and estate affairs, 1843, 1846 - 1847, 1853 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 187 physical details


Cole, Henry architect Alterations to Seaham Hall, 1859
View D/Lo/C 188 physical details


Coleman, J. E., 36 Coleman Street, London, financial agent. Various matters especially the purchase of the Seaton Royalty in 1863, 1856 - 1860, 1863 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 189 physical details


Coutts & Co., London, bankers, 1855 - 1862
View D/Lo/C 190 physical details


Daglish, John, colliery manager. From Rainton and Belmont, 1864
View D/Lo/C 191 physical details


Dodds, Joseph, Finkle Street, Stockton, solicitor. Matters relating to Wynyard especially proceeding against one Abbott for removing lead, 1861 - 1862
View D/Lo/C 192 physical details


Elliot, George, mining engineer, Houghton-le-Spring, agent for the colliery and business concerns. Reports on the operations of the Londonderry Collieries Railway and Seaham Harbour, etc. The letters to the 3rd Marquess (1852) include a report on Church mining leaseholds, 1852 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 193 physical details


Fox, Rev. George Townshend, Rector of St, Nicholas, Durham. Alterations to the church, matters relating to the living and the scandal caused by the curate's elopement with an inmate of the Female Penitentiary in 1860, 1856 - 1862
View D/Lo/C 194 physical details


Hardwick, Philip Charles, architect, designer of the Great Hall of Euston station, 21 Cavendish Square, London Octagonal roof at Wynyard and alterations to Long Newton and Seaham churches, 1855, 1859
View D/Lo/C 195 physical details


Iliff, George, Grange School, Bishopwearmouth Curacy of the new church at New Seaham, 1857, 1860
View D/Lo/C 196 physical details


Moorsom, Constantine Richard, agent at Wynyard Park Matters relating to the Hall and the home farm especially the wetness and foulness of the ground and the need for improved drainage, the employment of labour at the Hall, etc., 1856
View D/Lo/C 197 physical details


Murray, A. B., agent at Wynyard Domestic arrangements at the house; gardens, home farm, etc., 1858, 1861 - 1863
View D/Lo/C 198 physical details


Neilson, Robert, colliery and general agent Miscellaneous affairs, 1854, 1856 - 1857 See also D/Lo/C 561
View D/Lo/C 199 physical details


Ravenshaw, J. H., agent at Seaham Harbour Various estate and business matters including the building of the new offices and school house, 1858; proposals for organisation of the Harbour; relations with the New Dock Company at Sunderland, 1858; proposals for re-organising the management of the collieries on Elliot's retirement, 1859; new road at Seaham Hall; blast furnaces; provision of an hotel and villas at Seaham; dispute with Lady Londonderry leading to Ravenshaw's resignation, 1860; Seaton colliery profits; improvements to the Harbour, 1861, etc., 1857 - 1861 See also D/Lo/C 563
View D/Lo/C 200 physical details


Scott, Rev. William Alexander, Vicar of New Seaham His appointment and that of a curate; the consecration ceremony and provision for Seaton school, 1860 See also D/Lo/C 587
View D/Lo/C 201 physical details


Shaw, Tryran George, agent at Seaham Harbour Reports on the accounts and state of the collieries and commercial enterprises; accidents on the railway and in the mines, etc., 1861 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 202 physical details


Southern, William, manager at Rainton colliery Working of the colliery and Southern's appointment as chief viewer, 1861 - 1862
View D/Lo/C 203 physical details


Stewart, John Vandaleur, general agent, especially for the Irish estates, and business manager Concerning the business enterprises and particularly the coal trade and coal markets; also on Irish estate affairs, 1849 - 1851, 1854 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 204 physical details


Swift, John, town solicitor for the Londonderry estates, 32 Great George Street, Westminster Dispute with Sunderland Dock Co., 1856f; loss of cases of wine at Holdernesse House, 1857; Londonderry v. Durham concerning Seaton pit, 1859; and various matters connected with the Londonderry Trust coal working and conveyances, 1855 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 205 physical details


Upton, Archer Thomas, 20 Austin Friars, London Mainly concerning financial affairs, Lord Ernest and Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest, 1855 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 206 physical details


Vulliamy, Lewis, architect, Duncannon Street, London Alterations to Holdernesse House, Seaham Hall and Garron Tower and the reconstruction of part of Wynyard damaged by fire in 1862, 1860 - 1862 See also D/Lo/C 349
View D/Lo/C 207 physical details


Watson, Lieutenant D. H., engineer at Seaham Harbour Accident to coal wagons at Seaton pit; building of school; scheme for developing railway traffic, negotiations with the N.E.R. etc.; reports on the Harbour and screw colliers; accident to the North British locomotive on the Londonderry Railway, 1856
View D/Lo/C 208 physical details


Wright, Joseph John, solicitor and Londonderry agent at Sunderland Probate of Lord Londonderry's will, appointment of new trustees and valuation of the property, 1854; erection of a monument to Lord Londonderry, 1857 - 1858; South Durham election, 1857; case concerning the appointment of master at Houghton-le-Spring Kepier Grammar School, 1860; various business about coal and wayleave leases, etc., 1854 - 1862, 1864
View D/Lo/C 209 physical details


Wyllie, William, bailiff at Penshaw Harvesting; new church at Penshaw; supply of fodder for colliery horses; Female Training School at Durham, 1861; Sunderland Exchange lease, 1863; and matters relating to the farms and estates, 1861 - 1864 See also D/Lo/C 567
View D/Lo/C 210 physical details


Various correspondents. Miscellaneous letters on estate matters Including: John Clayton on the Sunderland dock dispute, 1855; W. Wailes, sculptor, on the inscription in Lord Londonderry's mausoleum, 1855; Gerard Moultrie, report on the Londonderry schools, 1856; Henry Baker on Boulby ironstone, Archdeacon Bland on the Female Training School at Durham, 1857; John Howison's report on the state of the print room at Wynyard, 1857; Rev. Thomas Hart on the mausoleum at Long Newton, 1857; Lord Stanley of Alderley on Sunderland Dock Co., 1857; Hugh Taylor on Ryhope Coal Co., 1859; Rev. Blenkinsopp on the recent clerical scandal at Durham and the need for more help at St. Nicholas's, 1860; Howard Wilkinson on the enlargement of St. John's, Seaham Harbour, 1860; George Reed on the Londonderry monument, 1860; Rowland Burdon on the Female Training School at Durham, 1861; F. Johnson on a proposed move to the Plawsworth turnpike gate to Framwellgate Moor, 1862; Frederick (?) Francis on the erection of Christ Church, Mayfair, 1863; R. Harkels requesting lease of Penshaw colliery, 1864 ,1854 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 211 physical details


New Seaham church From the Bishop of Durham, William Clayton and the Ecclesiastical Commissioners on the proposed new church parsonage and ecclesiastical district, 1857 See also D/Lo/C 552
View D/Lo/C 212 physical details


Rainton and Pittington valuation George Ferme and J. Young MacVicars on the valuation of the estates, 1859 - 1860
View D/Lo/C 213 physical details


London coal whippers Lord Stanley of Alderley, Lord Kinnaird, Robert Anderson and copy letter to Lord Derby with printed pamphlets concerning the campaign to improve the conditions of the London coal whippers, or loaders, 1859
View D/Lo/C 214 physical details


Seaham Harbour blast furnaces From Ravenshaw, Shaw and others on the construction and operation of the furnaces; also a few letters and accounts sent to Earl Vane, 1859 - 1865 (318 letters and papers


Roman Catholics in Seaham From Robert Anderson and others on the treatment of Catholics on the Londonderry estates, 1862
View D/Lo/C 216 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 217-223)

CORRESPONDENCE OF HENRY, 5TH MARQUESS OF LONDONDERRY
See also D/Lo/C 573-624

George Henry Robert Charles William, Viscount Seaham and 5th Marquess of Londonderry (1821 - 1884) was the eldest son of the 3rd Marquess and Lady Frances Anne. He was a lieutenant in the Life Guards and represented North Durham in Parliament from 1847 until 1854 when he succeeded his father as Earl Vane. He resided largely on his wife's estates in Wales. In 1872 he succeeded to the Marquessate on the death of his half brother.
Very little of his personal correspondence survives and much of his business was handled by, first his mother, and subsequently the agents. The bulk of the estate letters therefore are those listed below as the correspondence of J. B. Eminson, who became chief agent in 1865, including items addressed to Earl Vane and either passed to Eminson for answers or filed away by him at the Seaham office. (For further letters to the 5th Marquess see D/Lo/C 259)

Anderson, Robert, agent at Seaham Harbour, see D/Lo/C 185


Daglish, John, colliery viewer, Belmont Working of collieries and provision of labour, engines, etc. (includes report on the breaking of the rope in Seaham colliery shaft, with plan); valuation of Penshaw and Rainton collieries; management of the Londonderry railways; Seaham colliery cottages; fires etc. in Seaham colliery; reading room fete at Seaham; proposed regulations for board meetings; report on increasing production at Rainton and Pittington; application for working coal under the sea; North Durham election accounts; report (with plans) on Seaham colliery; reports on the personal and inheritance properties, 1865
View D/Lo/C 217 physical details


Eminson, John Brett, chief agent, Seaham Harbour Stockton Band; cholera epidemic; chapel roof at Wynyard, 1866 - 1868; finding of a ring at Kelloe; elections; visit of Prince Christian and Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein to Seaham, 1869 - 1871; remarks on John Bright, 1872; letters while on a Continental tour, 1873; and matters relating to the Seaham estates, the Harbour and the steamers. There is a separate series of letters concerning the collieries, 1869 - 1875, including a draft letter to Disraeli on the salaries of mine inspectors, 1874, 1866 - 1875 See also D/Lo/C 609
View D/Lo/C 218 physical details


Shaw, Tryran George, agent at Seaham Harbour Breaking of a rope in Seaham colliery; accident at the pit and to a young woman gathering coal on the railway; high price of coal; house in Silver Street; Local Board elections; Elliot's limestone; salt water baths at Seaham; resignation of colliery doctor; elections; fire at Seaham colliery; lease of land for a battery; fire at Seaham Harbour; accidental death of the cabin keeper at Seaham Hall station; repairs to the 'Rose and Crown' Inn, Durham; Wynyard chapel roof; effect of Austro-Prussian war on coal trade; final letters written by William Warham relating to Shaw's illness, death and funeral with military honours, 1865 - 1866
View D/Lo/C 219 physical details


Swift, John, solicitor, 49 Portland Place, London and Clayton, William, solicitor, Hampton Court Clayton's proposals for the letting of Holdernesse House and the assignment of Silksworth collieries and other matters relating to the settlement of the estates, 1865 - 1866
View D/Lo/C 220 physical details


Vane-Tempest, Lord Adolphus, brother of the 5th Marquess Personal letters mostly undated, from France (2), the Crimea (5), but chiefly from Wynyard, Seaham, London and Bognor; some from the House of Commons relating to political affairs and the business of the House, c.. 1851 - 1861
View D/Lo/C 221 physical details


Wilson, Richard, agent at Carnlough, Larne On the Irish estates, 1866 See also D/Lo/C 620, 720
View D/Lo/C 222 physical details


Seaham Office Letters relating to requests for an increase in salary from the office staff with particulars of their respective duties, 1867
View D/Lo/C 223 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 224-229)

CORRESPONDENCE OF LORD ADOLPHUS VANE-TEMPEST

Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest (1825 - 1864) was the second son of the 3rd Marquess and Lady Frances Anne and brother of the 5th Marquess. A Lieutenant Colonel in the Scots Guards, he saw service in Corfu, India and the Crimea. He represented Durham City from 1852 - 1853 and North Durham 1854 - 1865. He took charge of the blast furnace project at Seaham. In 1861 he married Susan, daughter of the 5th Duke of Newcastle.

Family Letters


From his father immediately before and during his stay in Bombay as A.D.C. to Sir Willoughby Cotton; some refer to the European Revolutions of 1848; Chartists, elections, etc., 1847 - 1848
View D/Lo/C 224 physical details


From his mother during his stay in India; references to political and European affairs, 1847 - 1848
View D/Lo/C 225 physical details


From his sisters, Adelaide and Alexandrina Vane-Tempest (Alexandrina married the 3rd Earl of Portarlington in 1847), 1847
View D/Lo/C 226 physical details


From his mother during his tour of Spain; all the letters written from Ireland, 1851
View D/Lo/C 227 physical details


From his father on Lord Adolphus's unseating as M.P. for Durham City on a petition, 1853
View D/Lo/C 228 physical details


From his mother on personal matters, mostly undated, c. 1859 - 1862
View D/Lo/C 229 physical details

Letters from various correspondents (Ref: D/Lo/C 230)

Including: Lord Strangford on family matters, 1857; Richard Buchanan from Quebec, describing a journey down the Saguenay River, c. 1860; W. E. Gladstone (copy) on his inability to assist Lord Adolphus, 1860; Disraeli on the state of the Confederates in America and debates in the House, 1861; Upton on the difficulties raised by the insurance company on Lord Adolphus's visiting the seat of war in the U.S.A., 1862; and letters from John Cooke, Lord Lincoln etc. on estate and family matters. With a report by Sir James Young Simpson and others on the state of Lord Adolphus's health in 1860, 1851, 1857 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 230 physical details

Letters concerning various subjects (Ref: D/Lo/C 231-235)

Durham Election Letters from Lord Adolphus to John Ward, solicitor, New Elvet, Durham, the Conservative agent, concerning the election, the subsequent petition and the settling of the agent's accounts, etc., 1854
View D/Lo/C 231 physical details


Pratt's Club incident To and from Lord Adolphus, Major Cathcart, George Stone and Cecil Heneage concerning an incident at the Club which resulted in Lord Adolphus challenging the Hon. Dudley Ward, 1857
View D/Lo/C 232 physical details


Scots Fusilier Guards Concerning Lord Adolphus's application to retire from the Regiment, including letter from the Duke of Cambridge to Lady Londonderry, 1857
View D/Lo/C 233 physical details


Lord Adolphus's marriage (And Lady Londonderry) From and to the Duke of Newcastle concerning the proposed marriage of Lord Adolphus and Lady Susan Pelham-Clinton, his daughter, 1858 - 1861
View D/Lo/C 234 physical details


3rd Durham Rifle Volunteers From Captains Chapman and Warburton, Lieutenant Reed and other officers concerning the organisation of the regiment of which Lord Adolphus was commanding officer, 1860 - 1864 See also D/Lo/F 494
View D/Lo/C 235 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 236-244)

CORRESPONDENCE OF CHARLES, 7TH MARQUESS OF LONDONDERRY

Charles Stewart Henry, 7th Marquess of Londonderry (1878 - 1949) was the son of the 6th Marquess and Theresa, daughter of the Earl of Shrewsbury. He pursued a military career and served in the First World War. Created a K.G. in 1919, be was Under Secretary of State for Air, 1920 - 1921, and Secretary, 1931 - 1935, at an important stage in the development of the air defence system. He also held posts in the Northern Ireland Cabinet. The bulk of his day to day correspondence was handled by his private secretaries whose files constitute the majority of the items listed below. Little of his official and political correspondence survives in this collection.

Political and personal letters


Files of in- and out-letters of Miss Sheriff, Lord Londonderry's private secretary, relating to personal and political matters, Irish affairs, recommendations for appointments etc. Arranged by correspondent alphabetically, 1922 - 1927 Including: letters to and from Lord Rawlinson on India; to Lord Trenchard; to and from Sir Sefton Brancker on the Organisation of the King's Cup air race; Francis Jenkinson on 15th century manuscript treatises in the Londonderry's possession; Dr. James Donelan on his hopes for inclusion in the honours list; Sir John Fortescue on the Castlereagh papers; H. A. Gwynne on Lord Londonderry's appointments, 1922; Sir Henry Burke on Lord Castlereagh's Garter banner; to Anthony Eden on his membership of the Carlton Club and politics; Belfast philosophical society on the preservation of ancient monuments in Ireland; Sir Sydney Lee on his biography of Edward VII and Lady Londonderry's letters; Verona Lyceum on a Canova exhibition; I. J. Maxse of The Notional Review on Lord Chaplin, 1923; Bell & Sons, publishers, on Prof. Webster's Diplomacy of Lord Castlereagh; to and from Lady Churchill on the 4th Marquess of Londonderry; W. Clifton Brown on his army career; Dr Luke Dillon on the "Seaham Skull"; to the Bishop of Durham on the miners' strike; to Earl Haig on the Guild of Officers; Herbert Loewe on Castlereagh's supposed scheme for a Jewish colony in Ceylon; John St. Loe Strachey on coal policy, 1924; to the Daily Express on reporting of speeches; Dr F Coley on the need to regulate the Trade Unions; Bishop of Durham on Escomb church restoration; Sir Lionel Earle on the reconditioning of the Foreign Office; George Grossmith on the League of Mercy etc.; Sir William Joynson-Hicks on the International Prison Congress; to and from Prof. Webster on his book on Castlereagh's diplomacy, 1925; to Geoffrey Dawson on failing to report Lord Londonderry's speech in The Times; Patrick Devlin on the Cambridge Union; to and from Sir Gerald du Maurier on Charing Cross Hospital; J Hancock Wilson requesting Lord Londonderry to become president of the National Sailors Union; to and from Alan Lennox-Boyd on Oxford Union debate on the coal industry; Prof. Webster on Castlereagh, 1926; G. T. Bagguley, bookseller, on the library at Wynyard, etc.; to and from Arthur Baumenn on amending the Parliament Act; to Winston Churchill on using the National Union to support the Conservatives; to and from Geoffrey Dawson on The Times' reporting; Lord Durham on persuading the unemployed to emigrate; Hon. F. E. Guest on Alfred Munnings, Winston Churchill, Lloyd George, etc., as members of the Other Club; to Lord Hanworth on the Prayer Book; to and from Lt. Col. Charles Ker on proportional representation; to and from Sir Ian Malcolm on the Curzon memorial Fund, 1827; and many letters to agents, secretaries and Government officials, etc., 1922 - 1927
View D/Lo/C 236 physical details


Miscellaneous political and personal letters Includes: (1) The Duke of York (afterwards King George VI) on changes in the R.A.F. uniform, 1932 (3) To and from Leo Amery on the Joseph Chamberlain Centenary and the failure of Neville Chamberlain, 1936 (4) To the editor of The Rotherham Advertiser on the question of aerial bombing, 1936 (8) To Lady Milner setting out Lord Londonderry's views on Germany and rearmament, the folly of Rothermere, Churchill and Eden, Chamberlain's incapacity and the subservience of British policy to French ideas, 1937 (9) To and from Sir Nevile Henderson, mentions Lord Londonderry's meeting with Goering in Berlin and with Von Papen. Reply refers to Sir Nevile's illness and the lack of policy showed by the Government, 'it makes one weep to see all the good cards we have thrown away . . .'. 'Key to peace is not Anglo-German agreement but need to strengthen defences.' 'It's not gas masks we want but anti-aircraft guns.', 1937 (10) To and from Leo Amery on German colonies and rearmament, 1937 (11) To and from Herbert Morrison and to Clement Attlee on Lord Londonderry's views about aerial bombing, 1937


Appeals for financial assistance from Various individuals and organisations, 1922 - 1927
View D/Lo/C 238 physical details


Letters and telegrams of condolence on the death of the Dowager Marchioness Correspondents include: George V, Prince of Wales, Duke of York, Lord Salisbury, Lord Crewe, Lord Cromer, Lady Curzon, Archbishop of York, Bishop of Durham, General Sir William Robertson, Sir Sefton Brancker, Sir Edmund Gosse, Winston Churchill, Andrew Bonar Law, James Craig, Sir Edward Carson, John Singer Sargent, etc., 1919
View D/Lo/C 239 physical details


Congratulation on the award of the Garter from Lord Winterton, Lord Milner, Sir Edmund Gosse, and others, 1919 - 1920
View D/Lo/C 240 physical details


Major Adolphus Vane-Tempest (son of Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest) concerning the education of his son Francis; with a letter from Dr. Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton, 1920 - 1922
View D/Lo/C 241 physical details


Winston Churchill; (to) Lionel Curtis, Edward Marsh, Sir James Masterton-Smith, on the condition of Ireland, the increasing unrest there and the position of Michael Collins and other Irish leaders, 1922
View D/Lo/C 242 physical details


The 17th Earl of Derby concerning the -proposals for a political career for his son, Oliver Stanley, who married Londonderry's daughter Maureen, 1922
View D/Lo/C 243 physical details


General Robert White, Lady Wilson and others concerning the death of Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson and the proposed memorial to him, 1922
View D/Lo/C 244 physical details

Family and business matters (Ref: D/Lo/C 245-250)

Lady Maureen Stanley's marriage settlement, 1920


Settlement of the estates of Lord Herbert Vane-Tempest, brother of the 6th Marquess (A director of the Cambrian Railway, he was killed in the Abermule railway disaster, January 1921), 1920 - 1923


Ernest Vane-Tempest's financial affairs. Ernest was the grandson of Ernest Macdonnell, 3rd son of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, 1920 - 1922


The Garron Tower plate; letters concerning the handing over of plate and jewellery to Winston Churchill. Churchill inherited Garron Tower as representative of the Duke of Marlborough under the will of Lady Frances Anne, 1920 - 1921


Letters to and from M. Dillon concerning his salary, 1922
View D/Lo/C 249 physical details


Miscellaneous letters relating to settlements, death duties, Londonderry House etc.
View D/Lo/C 250 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 251-256)

CORRESPONDENCE OF EDITH, MARCHIONESS OF LONDONDERRY
See also D/Lo/C 692

Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry (1879 - 1959) was the daughter of Henry, 1st Viscount Chaplin. She married the 7th Marquess of Londonderry in 1899 and subsequently became the leading Conservative hostess. Founder of the Women's Legion she was active in war and social work and was the author of a life of her father (1926), The Magic Ink pot (1928), Character and Tradition (1935), Retrospect (1938) and Frances Anne (1958). In view of her varied activities her correspondents included many eminent contemporaries.


Files of in and out-letters on public affairs, social work, journalism, etc. Including: Oliver Stanley on the opera subsidy and Robert Boothby, Rutland Boughton on opera and the Labour Government; Elinor Glyn on the progress of her Hungarian novel; Cecil Harris on conditions in Spain; Harold Macmillan on the election results and improved tone of the House of Commons; Forbes Dawson on making a film from The Magic Ink pot; Ann Driver on eurhythmics; Stephen Gwynn on Helen Waddell and Trinity College, Dublin, 1931; Lord Beaverbrook on complaints against his paper; Fortnum & Mason's on British inability to compete with foreign craftsmen; Oliver St. John Gogarty on Yeats and Hugh McDiarmid; Eleanor Hull on the origins of The Londonderry Air; Frederick Lindemann on the French at Geneva; George Robey on a Manchester 'first night', 1932; memorandum (by Lord Londonderry) on the position of the National Government; (to) John Buchan on publications; Sir Julien Cahn on cricket and the Personal Service League; (to) Sir Warren Fisher on the staffing of the Air Ministry and Lord Londonderry's position; (to) Sir Alexander Godley on the French and King Feisal's difficulties; Montgomery Hyde on his visit to the U.S.S.R.; Tom Martin M.P. on a scheme for developing Gibside and a proposed meeting with Hitler; Sean O'Casey on the production of Within the Gates; Queen Mary on the Ex-Servicemens Exhibition, 1933; Mrs. Watts on her life in Australia, 1933; Lady Violet Bonham Carter on posts in the Civil Service; Baron Frankenstein, Austrian Ambassador, on the Austrian Exhibition; Oliver St. John Gogarty on his works and the aerodrome at Newtownards; Adéline Genée on dancing; Philip Laszlo on painting and the copying of his portrait of Lady Londonderry, 1934; Alan Muntz on flying clubs; to Sir John Gilmour, Home Secretary, on the case of Professor Zondek, 1934; Princess Lieven on a supposed Reubens; Mrs. Sean O'Casey on her husband's difficulties in America; (to) Sir Josiah Stamp on the Heysham boat trains; G. T. Bagguley, bookseller, of Newcastle-under-Lyme on the Castlereagh manuscripts etc.; Harriet Cohen on a Toccata by Anthony Chaplin; (to) Coningsby Disraeli on Lady Frances Anne's letters at Hughenden; Leon M. Lion on the Galsworthy Festival; Nora Cruickshank on the Women's League of Health and Beauty; J. H. Thomas on receiving Colonial guests, 1935; Rutland Boughton and Stuart Wilson on the production of The Lily Maid; Archbishop of Canterbury on present of a book; Oliver St. John Gogarty on books and his visit to Mount Stewart; J. L. Garvin on his need for absolute quiet; (to) Lord Hailsham on Eden as a danger to peace; Compton Mackenzie on the Londonderry's visit to Eriskay and 'Barra; Marquis de Mun on the communists in France, reply refers to letter from Goering and anecdote about Mrs. Wallis Simpson; Anthony Squire on his film Fiona; Leo Amery on his part in the Tariff Reform League; (to and from) Miss Braddle on the Londonderry's visit to Hitler; Violet Butler, artist, on the proposal she should paint Hitler and Frau Goebbels; Walt Disney on The Magic Ink pot; Rev. S. Crimes, Chaplain at the British Legation at Vienna on the history of the embassy and it's hurried termination; (to) Sir Herbert Maxwell on the visit to Germany and German policy; Ishbel MacDonald on Orkney rush seats; Professor Wallace Notestein on Lord Chaplin, 1936, 1931 - 1936 251/1 March - May 1931 251/2 August - September 1931 251/3 September - November 1931 251/4 December 1931 - February 1932 251/5 March - April 1932 251/6 May - June 1932 251/7 July - September 1932 251/8 August - October 1932 251/9 September - October 1932 251/10 November - December 1932 251/11 November 1932 - February 1933 251/12 March - April 1933 251/13 May - June 1933 251/14 July - August 1933 251/15 August - October 1933 251/16 October - December 1933 251/17 December 1933 - April 1934 251/18 April - June 1934 251/19 June - September 1934 251/20 October - November 1934 251/21 December 1934 - January 1935 251/22 January - April 1935 251/23 April - June 1935 251/24 July - November 1935 251/25 October - December 1935 251/26 January - May 1936 251/27 June - December 1936
View D/Lo/C 251 physical details


Miscellaneous letters not included in the general files. Including; Letters from an Englishman dismissed from the service of the Sudan Government, 1933; from Count Moral on the events in Spain, 1933; from Alan Muntz on flying, 1933; from a Major Burgoyne with the Red Cross in Ethiopia, 1936; etc., several undated letters including one from Rutland Boughton, 1931 - 1936
View D/Lo/C 252 physical details


Files of in and out-letters relating to gardening, purchase of seeds and flowers etc., 1931 - 1932
View D/Lo/C 253 physical details


Queen's Institute of District Nursing for Northern Ireland letters, reports, etc., 1933
View D/Lo/C 254 physical details


Collection of letters relating to the purchase of a portrait of the 6th Marquess for the Carlton Club in 1918, forwarded to Lady Londonderry by General Sir Henry Stracey, a member of the Club committee. Writers include Marquess of Zetland, Duke of Montrose, Lord Harewood etc. 1921
View D/Lo/C 255 physical details


(1) Letters relating to the condition of the Newtownards Fever Hospital, 1929 (5 letters) (2) Draft letters for typing. Addressees include Sir Kingsley Wood and various members of the Londonderry household, n.d.
View D/Lo/C 256 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 257-260)

Miscellaneous Letters And Artificial Collections

This section is comprised mainly of letters collected together for specific purposes at a subsequent date or returned by the recipient or his descendant to the Londonderry Estate for antiquarian reasons


Letters from Lord Londonderry to John Buddle urging him to use his influence in favour of Henry Liddell at the Northern Division election and to Nicholson, Seaham agent, concerning the Castle Eden to Sunderland turnpike road. Sent by Vaux breweries, 1928
View D/Lo/C 257 physical details


Letters from the Marchioness to Robert Anderson on the contribution of Seaham to the patriotic Fund. With typescript copy, etc., 1855
View D/Lo/C 258 physical details


Letters to the 5th Marquess and Eminson from Upton, Clayton and Few and other solicitors and agents mainly relating to the resettlement of the Londonderry estates in England, Ireland and the provisions made for Lord Castlereagh. These letters were collected together and typescript copies were made, c. 1920 , 1873 - 1879
View D/Lo/C 259 physical details


Miscellaneous isolated items including a few letters of the 6th Marquess of Londonderry with a copy of a letter from Mark(Hugh Oakley) Arnold-Forster, M.P., Secretary of state for war, 1903 - 1905, to Balfour stating his views on defence matters which the former circulated to his colleagues, 1909 and a letter concerning the Primrose League in Stockton, 1907, 1902 - 1915
View D/Lo/C 260 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 261-265)

LONDONDERRY AGENTS, STEWARDS, REPRESENTATIVES AND PERSONS CONNECTED WITH THE FAMILY, MISCELLANEOUS CORRESPONDENTS, ETC.

Robert Anderson


From Cleazy, Ferme, Daglish and other officials, 1853 - 1867
View D/Lo/C 261 physical details


Draft letters to Lady Londonderry, 1854
View D/Lo/C 262 physical details


Letter book, also contains an account of the duties of Blackwood at the Seaham office, 1854
View D/Lo/C 263 physical details


Letter book, 1857 - 1869
View D/Lo/C 264 physical details


Reports from R. Brydon on feeding horses with green food, 1869
View D/Lo/C 265 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 266)

Newton Apperley
Agent at Wynyard


Letters of thanks for presents of game, 1904
View D/Lo/C 266 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 267-273)

John Buddle
See also D/Lo/C 142


Letters (copies) relating to Buddle's appointment as colliery manager in place of Mowbray, 1819
View D/Lo/C 267 physical details


Letters from Gregson relating to wayleaves at Dawdon, Houghton, Eppleton, etc., 1821 - 1923
View D/Lo/C 268 physical details


Lord Londonderry and Gregson relating to negotiations with William Russell and the Hetton Coal Co., 1824 - 1825
View D/Lo/C 269 physical details


Col. Braddyll, William Harrison, Shakespear Reed, Sir Cuthbert Sharp, Lord Londonderry etc. mainly relating to the construction of Seaham Harbour, (54 letters) 1828 - 1830


Gregson, Groom and Lord Londonderry on the renewal of the Rainton lease, 1832
View D/Lo/C 271 physical details


Miscellaneous letters from George Hunter, Thomas Morriss, Gregson, etc. on various subjects, 1824 - 1839
View D/Lo/C 272 physical details


Letter book, indexed, of correspondence relating to the Londonderry collieries, 1830 - 1833
View D/Lo/C 273 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 274)

William Clayton
See also D/Lo/C 701


From Upton, Fell, Daglish, etc. concerning the Londonderry Trust and agreements and wayleaves, particularly of the Seaham Railway, with plans, 1865 - 1866
View D/Lo/C 274 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 275-276)

Vincent Corbett
Chief viewer, Londonderry collieries


In- and out-letters, indexed, 1873 - 1905
View D/Lo/C 275 physical details


Letter book, including letters to Lord Londonderry, 1902 - 1912
View D/Lo/C 276 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 277-280)

Malcolm Dillon
Chief agent at Seaham from 1912, J.P., County Councillor and Chairman of the Seaham Unionist Association


In- and out-letters. Alphabetical and subject files for each year, the letter method being employed for the more frequent correspondents, particularly Lord Londonderry himself and the Coal Owners' Association. Dillon's own correspondence is also included, especially his letters as Chairman of the Seaham Unionist Association. These files contain much information on the General Election campaigns of 1918, 1924 and 1929; also some personal letters from friends at the Front during the First World War, 1914 - 1937
View D/Lo/C 277 physical details


Alphabetical letter files concerning applications for relief from the Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen's Families' Association of which Dillon was local secretary, 1925 - 1929
View D/Lo/C 278 physical details


To and from the Bishop of Durham and his representatives and others concerning the proposed plaque and lectern in Seaham parish church as a memorial to the 6th Marquess, 1916
View D/Lo/C 279 physical details


Prince of Wales' visit to Billingham, Hartlepool, Wynyard and Sunderland. Letters from Mayors, Town Clerks, the Prince's private secretary etc. with plans of the routes to be taken in Sunderland and Hartlepool, 1930
View D/Lo/C 280 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 281-282)

Samuel James Ditchfield
Coal fitter and agent at Seaham, French Vice-Consul


In-letter files from Londonderry agents, solicitors and others relating to coal and estate business, arranged alphabetically, 1897 - 1910
View D/Lo/C 281 physical details


Formation of the Londonderry collieries and docks into a limited company; letters mainly from applicants for shares but one from Lister Newcombe, architect, in connection with new works at Seaham, enclosing a list of his buildings in Durham and Northumberland, 1897
View D/Lo/C 282 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 283)

George Elliot
Of Houghton Hall, mining engineer, and colliery and general agent for Lord Londonderry
See also D/Lo/C 702-703


To and from various correspondents relating to the construction of the Seaham-Sunderland Railway; includes letters from Sir Joseph Paxton and the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway Company, 1852 - 1854
View D/Lo/C 283 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 284-316)

John Brett Eminson
Chief agent at Seaham Harbour
See also D/Lo/C 704-723

This correspondence was found roughly sorted into a number of general bundles and a series arranged according to the sender. This order has been maintained in listing. The letters are very largely concerned with estate and business affairs but, as was the case with many of the Londonderry agents, personal letters were often passed to Eminson to answer, particularly by the 5th Marquess for whom he acted as secretary until about 1869, so that a clear division between the personal and estate correspondence for these years has not been possible and many of the 5th Marquess's letters are included in the sections listed below.


General estate correspondence, legal affairs, business matters especially the running of the collieries, and some letters on local politics and elections, etc.; includes letters on the Seaham explosion of 1880, the provision of new equipment at the docks and the failure of the Seaham chemical works, 1866 - 1886, 1889
View D/Lo/C 284 physical details


Anderson, Robert, chief agent at Seaham Harbour. In addition to general estate business, correspondence on the Sunderland election, 1866; death of Mr. Shaw, 1866; new fire engine at Seaham, 1867, alterations to baths, 1867; steam yacht, 1867 - 1868: fire at the Harbour, 1868; storm damage to the Londonderry steamers, 1868, 1866 - 1868
View D/Lo/C 285 physical details


Apperley, Newton Wynne, Lord Londonderry's secretary. From Wynyard, Holdernesse House, Plas Machynlleth and from the Cornelia yacht, 1877 - 1882 See also D/Lo/C 704
View D/Lo/C 286 physical details


Brooks, James, architect, 35 Wellington Street, London. Alterations to Wynyard chapel and work on Londonderry House, 1881 - 1883
View D/Lo/C 287 physical details


Brydon, Robert, land agent and veterinary surgeon at Seaham, 1874 - 1882 See also D/Lo/C 599
View D/Lo/C 288 physical details


Clazey, John, Londonderry fitter, Sunderland. Coal trade shipments etc., 1871 - 1881
View D/Lo/C 289 physical details


Clayton, William Clayton, Lincoln's Inn and Hampton Court, 1866 - 1869 See also D/Lo/C 602, 706
View D/Lo/C 290 physical details


Corbett, Vincent, chief viewer, Londonderry collieries. Operation and production at the collieries; labour relations; strikes, etc., 1870 - 1875 See also D/Lo/C 604, 707
View D/Lo/C 291 physical details


Daglish, John, general manager of the Londonderry collieries. Silksworth development; meeting of pitmen; colliery schools; Mines Bill, colliery cottages and all other matters connected with the running of the collieries, 1866 - 1882
View D/Lo/C 292 physical details


Ditchfield, Samuel James, chief fitter, Seaham Concerning the transport and sale of coal and including letters from various places in England and the Continent while negotiating for buyers; letters from Paris and Boulogne, 1870 - 1871, 1869 - 1882 See also D/Lo/C 606, 708
View D/Lo/C 293 physical details


Forster, William, architect and surveyor for the Londonderry estates, 1877 - 1881 See also D/Lo/C 610
View D/Lo/C 294 physical details


North Eastern Railway. Miscellaneous letters from Henry Tennant, general manager, and Alfred Harrison, engineer, 1871 - 1874
View D/Lo/C 295 physical details


North Eastern Railway and Board of Trade Concerning the making of a junction at Ryhope and running powers to enable the Londonderry Railway to make use of the new station at Sunderland; with plan and timetable, 1879
View D/Lo/C 296 physical details


Pemberton. Richard Laurence, J.P., Hawthorn Tower and The Barnes, Sunderland. Mainly concerning coal rights and the Hawthorn Coal Co., 1876 - 1881 See also D/Lo/C 715
View D/Lo/C 297 physical details


Phillipson. R. P., solicitor to the Durham Coal Trade Association. Mainly relating to legal matters, particularly in connection with Framwellgate colliery, 1879 - 1881, 1870 - 1881
View D/Lo/C 298 physical details


Scott, George, coal agent, South Dock, Sunderland. Returns of coal delivered at the docks, 1876 - 1879
View D/Lo/C 299 physical details


Scott, Rev. William Alexander, Vicar of New Seaham. Parochial and personal matters, 1876 - 1879 See also D/Lo/C 587
View D/Lo/C 300 physical details


Sheridan, W., harbour master at Seaham, 1877 - 1881
View D/Lo/C 301 physical details


Shields, John, Western Lodge, Durham. Conservative organisation, local politics, the condition of The Durham Advertiser, 1876 - 1878
View D/Lo/C 302 physical details


Simey,. Ralph, 59 John Street. Sunderland Conservative organisation and local politics, 1875 - 1881 See also D/Lo/C 588
View D/Lo/C 303 physical details


Stewart, John Vandaleur, Rockhill, Limerick Settlement of the Londonderry estates, legal matters. etc. especially relating to Ireland, 1865 - 1868 See also D/Lo/C 616
View D/Lo/C 304 physical details


Stratton, H.. manager at Seaham colliery Negotiations; water supply; cases of fever at the colliery; reading room. etc., 1876 - 1879
View D/Lo/C 305 physical details


Turner, Lempriere, Turner and Clayton & Co., 56 Lincoln's Inn Fields, 1872 - 1882
View D/Lo/C 306 physical details


Upton, Johnson and Upton. solicitors, 20 Austin Friars, 1866 - 1878 See also D/Lo/C 617, 717
View D/Lo/C 307 physical details


Waister, M.. Londonderry Railway manager. Mainly memoranda concerning traffic, accidents, etc., 1871 - 1879
View D/Lo/C 308 physical details


Wear Commissioners. Use of the Sunderland docks; railways; labour etc., 1876 - 1878
View D/Lo/C 309 physical details


White, George, Master of the yacht Cornelia From Portsmouth, Brindisi etc. concerning the fitting out of the ship; accounts, etc., 1870 - 1874 See also D/Lo/C 719
View D/Lo/C 310 physical details


Wood, Sir David, Park Lodge, Sunningdale. Londonderry Trust; colliery business etc. Some letters from Italy and the French Riviera, 1876 - 1881
View D/Lo/C 311 physical details


Wood, Lindsay, Southill, Chester-le-Street On the provision of wagons at Sunderland docks and concerning the business of the North Hetton Colliery Co., 1864, 1870 - 1882
View D/Lo/C 312 physical details


Wright, Henry Brougham, clerk to the Dawdon Local Board, clerk to the Seaham Harbour Gas Company and local solicitor, 1869 - 1881
View D/Lo/C 313 physical details


Wyllie, William, bailiff at Penshaw, 1866 - 1868
View D/Lo/C 314 physical details


Wynyard bailiffs, 1866 - 1882 James Gilbert, 1866 - 1868 (281 letters) Robert Yeoman, 1868 - 1869 (48 letters) D. Miller, 1877 - 1882 (137 letters) See also D/Lo/C 614, 621, 721
View D/Lo/C 315 physical details


Elections Durham City 1871, letters from Charles Ward, William Henderson and John Wharton; Durham City and North Durham, 1880, letters from John Wharton, Sir George Elliot and R. Johnson, 1871, 1880 See also D/Lo/C 577
View D/Lo/C 316 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 317)

John Gregson
Solicitor
See also D/Lo/C 728-732


Letters from Lord Hardinge, William Groom, etc., concerning the Trust accounts and from Simeon Coleman on the fitters at Sunderland, 1820
View D/Lo/C 317 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 318-320)

Richard Groom and William Groom
Henrietta Street, Cavendish Square, London.
See also D/Lo/C 733-734

The Grooms were Lord Castlereagh's solicitors and were concerned in various negotiations relating to the Londonderry Trust. William Groom of Lincoln's Inn was Lord Castlereagh's solicitor. After the latter's death he and George Hoiford M.P., were the literary executors and it was they who placed the Castlereagh manuscripts under the protection of chancery to prevent the Government recalling them.


From Lord Londonderry, Buddle, Gregson, etc., relating to the Londonderry Trust, 1819 - 1838, 1846 - 1847
View D/Lo/C 318 physical details


Lord Stewart in Vienna concerning the arrangements for the settling and running of the estates, 1821
View D/Lo/C 319 physical details


Copies of letters to and from Lord Londonderry, Gregson, Coutts & Co., etc. relating to the renewal of the Rainton colliery lease, 1831 - 1832, 1834
View D/Lo/C 320 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 321-322)

William Hawkes
agent at Wynyard
See also D/Lo/C 735-736


John Buddle on Various matters relating to the estates including an explosion at Plain Pit, Rainton Colliery, 1823 [An explosion occurred at Plain Pit on 3 November 1823, with 55 lives lost. For a list of those killed in the disaster, see Durham Mining Museum website.]
View D/Lo/C 321 physical details


Lord Londonderry, John Claridge of Jervaulx (Yorkshire) and others on the supposed malversations of Webster, 1826 See also D/Lo/C 735
View D/Lo/C 322 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 323-325)

Nathaniel Hindhaugh
Colliery manager at Penshaw, later chief viewer of the Londonderry collieries
See also D/Lo/C 738-740


Carr, R., Bishopwearmouth On the Seaton colliery wayleave, 1853
View D/Lo/C 323 physical details


Chaytor, William Charles, on behalf of the Dean and Chapter On the Old Durham wayleave, 1853
View D/Lo/C 324 physical details


Gregson, John, on legal matters, 1840 - 1852, 1858 See also D/Lo/C 738
View D/Lo/C 325 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 326-329)

Marquess of Londonderry

These letters are complementary to those listed at D/Lo/C 148. They were arranged chronologically in bundles with a summary of the contents of each and this order has been maintained.


Subjects include; death of Buddle, pitmen's strike, reduction of salaries, 1884; activities of George Hudson, Sir Robert Peel on the French coal trade, 1845; from George Hudson, Durham Infants School, 1846; election, visit of Sir Robert Peel to Wynyard, proposed new regulation of the coal trade, the activities of MacDonnell, 1847; dispute with John Tiplady over election accounts, Lord Londonderry's hopes for Seaham, insurance of Wynyard house, 1848; enlargement of Seaham Harbour and the making of the Seaham New Winning, 1849; Lord Castlereagh's statue, Lord Seaham's accident, dead rents, North Hetton Coal Co. etc., 1850; bad state of coal trade, death of Hunter and appointment of Elliott, etc., 1851; Wellington's death and Londonderry's Garter, defalcation of MacDonnell and the setting up of a new trust. Durham City elections, coal etc., 1853. See also D/Lo/C 739
View D/Lo/C 326 physical details


Edward McDonnell, 1838 - 1849
View D/Lo/C 327 physical details


Miscellaneous letters from various correspondents , mainly mining engineers, agents, etc., with a list of the papers kept at the Penshaw office, 1837, 1839, 1845 - 1853
View D/Lo/C 328 physical details


Letter book of correspondence with Lord Londonderry, 1853 - 1854
View D/Lo/C 329 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 330-331)

George Hunter
agent at Penshaw Colliery


Various corespondents on wayleaves and matters connected with the collieries, 1833 - 1837
View D/Lo/C 330 physical details


Various correspondents on financial matters, accounts, etc., including Sarah Pitts of Birmingham concerning the supply of locks and bolts for Wynyard Park, 1839 and John Dobson of Newcastle enclosing his account, 1838, 1834- -1840
View D/Lo/C 331 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 332-334)

John Iveson
47 Pall Mall, agent for the estates of Lady Frances Anne Tempest


Lord Stewart from Vienna outlining his views on the subsequent exploitation of the estates, 1820
View D/Lo/C 332 physical details


William Hawkes, agent at Wynyard and John Buddle, colliery viewer, reporting on the condition of the estates and collieries, 1821
View D/Lo/C 333 physical details


Copy letters to and from representatives of the Dean and Chapter relating to the Rainton Colliery lease, 1819
View D/Lo/C 334 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 335-337)

Edmund McDonnell, of Glenarm (Antrim)
Married the Countess of Antrim and therefore became one of the Londonderry Trustees until 1852
See also D/Lo/C 764-766


W. Cowburn, solicitor, concerning a bond for £2,000 from one Bowdler, 1837 - 1838
View D/Lo/C 335 physical details


Hunter, Buddle Lord Londonderry, Gregson, etc., on the Seaham Railway, the conditions of the Harbour, the actions of the Seaham agents and various subjects, 1839 - 1846 See also D/Lo/C 766
View D/Lo/C 336 physical details


Hunter, Hindhaugh and Gregson on the Seaton Colliery winning, 1848 - 1849
View D/Lo/C 337 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 338-341)

David Watson Meiklejohn
Agent at Wynyard Park


General letter files of estate correspondence and papers, brochures, trade circulars, etc., 1897 - 1917
View D/Lo/C 338 physical details


Testing of milk samples from Seaham and a resultant dispute between Dr. Hutchens of Newcastle and Sir James MacFadyean over the possible presence of anthrax bacilli, 1909
View D/Lo/C 339 physical details


Letters of thanks for the receipt of invitations to shoot at Wynyard, 1909 - 1913
View D/Lo/C 340 physical details


Letters relating to the absconding of one of the estate office junior employees, 1910 For letter books see D/Lo/C 352-388
View D/Lo/C 341 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 342-343)

Thomas Murray
Agent at Wynyard Park
See also D/Lo/C 767


Letter book, 1848 - 1850 (1 volume) Ravenshaw, J. H., agent at Seaham Harbour


Letters, notes and memoranda from Lady Londonderry, mostly un-dated but annotated with the date of receipt, 1857 - 1860
View D/Lo/C 343 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 344-345)

Tryran George Shaw
Agent at Seaham Harbour


Letter books, correspondence with Londonderry agents; also contains George Hodge's reports on the Seaham Grease Works for 1869, 1861, 1863 - 1864
View D/Lo/C 344-345 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 346)

Upton & Co.
Solicitors, 20 Austin Friars, London


Mainly from Isaac Colham, solicitor, of Dublin and Londonderry concerning the Irish estates, 1862 - 1863
View D/Lo/C 346 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 347-348)

William Warham
Auditor at the Londonderry offices, Seaham Harbour
See also D/Lo/C 770


John Brett Eminson on estate matters, 1869 - 1882
View D/Lo/C 347 physical details


Royal National Lifeboat Institution and George Hodge concerning the Seaham boat, 1870 - 1881
View D/Lo/C 348 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 349)

R. M. Wilson
Agent at Seaham Hall


Lewis Vulliamy and a few from Joseph Wright, etc., on the alterations at the Hall and negotiations with the contractors, Scott and Reed of Newcastle, 1862 See also D/Lo/C 772
View D/Lo/C 349 physical details

(Ref: D/Lo/C 350)

Neville Wilthew Wilthew
Agent at Wynyard Park


In-letters (selected) mainly from Lord and Lady Londonderry and Montgomery Hyde relating 'to the Londonderry manuscripts and Hyde's researches into the family history; also a few from the local Conservative Association, Sister Rawlings of the Ouayside Mission and Charles Argyle of the 'Londonderry Arms', Long Newton, 1932 - 1939, 1946 For letter books see D/Lo/C 388f
View D/Lo/C 350 physical details

Londonderry agents, various (Ref: D/Lo/C 351-430)

Miscellaneous letters from and to Londonderry agents and from other persons including letter to R. M. Wilson on the coal supplied to Londonderry agents and workmen, 1860; letters on Framwellgate colliery, 1879, and on Springfield, Oakham, 1922, etc., 1857 - 1929
View D/Lo/C 351 physical details


Letter books of the Wynyard agents, Meiklejohn (to 1919, D/Lo/C 388) and Wilthew relating to the English estates; includes letters to Lord Londonderry until 1934. Each volume has an index of correspondents, 1887 - 1949
View D/Lo/C 352-418 physical details


Letter books of Neville Wilthew; correspondence relating to the Irish estates; index of correspondents, 1920 - 1948
View D/Lo/C 419-427 physical details


Letter books of Neville Wilthew's correspondence with Lord Londonderry on the racing stud, sport, Londonderry House and Wynyard Park, war-time arrangements etc. Numbers 428 and 429 are subject indexed, 1934 - 1949
View D/Lo/C 428-430 physical details

Miscellaneous (Ref: D/Lo/C 431-434)

Letters to Sir Herbert Maxwell from William Blackwood on the publication of a history of the latter's publishing house, 1898
View D/Lo/C 431 physical details


Letters to the Rev. T. Copley, Vicar of Seaham Harbour, from Lady Londonderry and the Bishops of Durham and Jarrow concerning his tenure of the living, 1908, 1926
View D/Lo/C 432 physical details


Copy letter from the Rev. Charles Green, Eastbourne, on his recollections of Lady Frances Anne and Disraeli, with extract from Lady Dorothy Nevill's memoir, 1928
View D/Lo/C 433 physical details


In- and out-letters of the Country Landowners' Association, Durham branch, with minutes, press notices, etc., 1950 - 1851
View D/Lo/C 434 physical details