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Durham County Record Office: the official archive service for County Durham and Darlington

Quarter Sessions

Reference: Q/D

Catalogue Title: Quarter Sessions

Area: Catalogue

Category: Public Records

Description: Deposit and Registration Records

Covering Dates: 1757 - 1957

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Catalogue Index

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Quarter Sessions
DEPOSIT AND REGISTRATION (Ref: Q/D)
Enrolment Books (Ref: Q/D/B 1-7)
Enclosure Awards and Plans, 1757 - 1870 (Ref: Q/D/E 1-43)
Lanchester Common Compensation, 1881 - 1903 (Ref: Q/D/EC 1-12)
Land Tax Assessments, 1759 - 1831 (Ref: Q/D/L)
Land Tax Annuities and Rent Charges, 1763 - 1845 (Ref: Q/D/LA 1-2)
Special Returns and Duplicates of Assessments (Ref: Q/D/LM 1-51)
Redemption of Land Tax (Ref: Q/D/LR 1-3)
Commissioners of Land Tax (Ref: Q/D/LX 1-4)
Polling Places, 1864 - 1867 (Ref: Q/D/PP 1-11)
Registers of Electors (Ref: Q/D/PV)
Societies and Meetings (Ref: Q/D/S)
Rules of Savings Banks, Building Societies, Friendly and Provident Societies (Ref: Q/D/S 1-69)
Freemasons' Lodges Annual Returns, 1916 - 1946 (Ref: Q/D/S 70-87)
Enrolment of Rules of Friendly Societies (Ref: Q/D/SB 1-2)
Public Works and Utilities (Ref: Q/D/U)
Accounts of Companies and Trusts (Ref: Q/D/UA)
Turnpike Trust Accounts, 1865 - 1879 (Ref: Q/D/UA 1-87)
Company Accounts, 1866 - 1922 (Ref: Q/D/UA 88-112)
Improvement Commissioners' Accounts, 1870 - 1879 (Ref: Q/D/UA 113-122)
Charitable Trusts Accounts, 1864 - 1880 (Ref: Q/D/UA 123-180)
Verdicts of Juries on Compensation, 1837 - 1869 (Ref: Q/D/US 1-5)

Catalogue Description

Records or returns made by other bodies, although not arising from the work of the Justices of the Peace or of Quarter Sessions, were required by statute to be deposited with the Clerk of the Peace. Such records had to be registered and kept with the records of Quarter Sessions as a permanent record, available for consultation by the inhabitants of the county. Some documents were formally laid before the court on receipt, others were simply registered and filed by the Clerk of the Peace, sometimes also being copied into special enrolment books (Q/D/B).
Deposited documents include copies of enclosure awards, duplicates of land tax assessments, plans of projected public undertakings, verdicts of juries summoned to assess claims for damages, annual abstracts of accounts, rules of benefit societies and savings banks.

Catalogue Contents

DEPOSIT AND REGISTRATION (Ref: Q/D)Enrolment Books (Ref: Q/D/B 1-7)

Registers in which the Clerk of the Peace copied miscellaneous documents enrolled with Quarter Sessions


Enrolment book, June 1763 - November 1879 Contains: (a) Certificates and memorials of assignments of Rent Charges and Annuities ( see also Q/R/L) pp. 1-379, 1763 - 1845. A loose paper folio index of names for this section is enclosed in the volume. (b) South Shields Improvement Commission; site for a police and magistrates' station conveyed from the Dean and Chapter of Durham to the Commissioners, 1845 (c) Sales of sites of former turnpike trust toll houses, etc., 1870 - 1878, naming purchaser, price and describing site (some with a marginal plan): Wearmouth Bridge to Tyne Bridge Road (pp.394c-400); Durham City to Tyne Bridge Road (pp.402-413); Boroughbridge [Yorkshire] to Durham City Road (pp.414-416,418-419); Darlington and Cockerton Bridge United Road (pp.423-428,431-432,435-437); Stockton to Barnard Castle Road (pp.429-430,433-434); Bishopwearmouth to Norton Road (pp.438-444); Gatherley Moor [Yorkshire] to Winston Road (pp.445-446); Catterick Bridge [Yorkshire] to Durham Road (pp.447-448,450-452) (d) Tax commissioners' certificates, certifying that 'A.B. of ... commissioner of income tax for ... ward is discharged of parish and ward offices', 1871 - 1879, (pp. 401, 416-417, 420-422, 449, 453-454)
View Q/D/B 1 physical details


Enrolment book, February 1880 - March 1902 Contains: (a) Sheriffs' appointments: copies of royal warrants and sheriffs' declarations, 1880 - 1901, (pp. 1-6, 15-19, 23-28, 32-37, 80-85, 104-109, 136-141, 167-172, 189-194, 212-217, 230-235, 245-250, 263-268, 287-292, 302-307, 320-325, 329-336, 342-347, 352-357, 365-370, 379-384, 394-399, 405-410) (b) Deputy Lieutenants' property qualification declarations, 1880 - 1882, (pp. 7-10, 26,29, 30) (c) Tax commissioners' certificates (as vol. 1), 1880 - 1882, (pp. 21, 22, 29-31) (d) Slaughter house licences granted annually at Quarter Sessions (see Q/R/1) 1881 - 1894, (pp. 11-14, 38-79, 86-103, 110-121, 123-124, 126-135, 142-145, 155-166, 173-188, 196-211, 218-229, 236-244, 251, 260, 262, 269-275, 286, 293-295, 297, 300-301, 308, 312-314, 318) (e) Lunatic Asylum Licences, under the Lunacy Act, (1890), 1893 - 1901, noting the name of the superintendent and number of patients, (pp. 296, 309, 315, 319, 326-328, 337-338, 348-349, 360-361, 363-364, 375, 385-386, 390, 400-402). ( See also under Q/R/1 Licensing) (f) Highway certificates, by two justices of the peace certifying that new roads for a highway diversion have been made and completed in a good manner ( see Q/R/HD), 1883 - 1900 (pp. 74-75, 122, 125, 195, 261, 276-285, 310-311, 316-317, 339-341, 350-351, 358-359, 362, 371-374, 378, 387-389, 391-393, 404) (g) Highway order transferring responsibility for road in Elwick Hall from Marquis of Londonderry to the Parish, made at petty sessions for Hartlepool Division, 23 February 1880 (pp. 149-150) (h) Literary Society: rules of Sunderland Subscription Literary Society, certified as exempt from county, parochial and other rates under 6-7 Vic. c.36 (pp. 151-154) ( See also under Q/R/S) (i) Deputation of gamekeeper, Manor of Streatlam, 1899 (p. 376) (See also Q/R/LG)
View Q/D/B 2 physical details


Enrolment book, April 1902 - April 1933 Contains: entries similar to volume 2, with the addition of the appointment of a gas examiner 1924 (a) Lunatic asylum licences 1902 - 1934 (See also Q/R/1) (b) Sheriffs' appointments 1902 - 1934 (c) Highway diversion certificates 1902 - 1934 (See also Q/R/HD) (d) Gas Regulation Act, 1920: appointment by quarter sessions of Alfred Scholes of Middlesborough as gas examiner, under the act, to test the pressure of gas supplied by Stockton Corporation, on application of five consumers, 1924 (pp. 252-253) (e) Bowes Museum Rules and Regulations, c.1929 (pp. 357-358)
View Q/D/B 3 physical details


Enrolment book, March 1934 - April 1957 Contains: Sheriff's appointments, 1934 - 1957; Lunatic Asylum Licences, 1934 - 1954; Highway Certificates, 1934 - 1952
View Q/D/B 4 physical details


Enrolment book, July 1772 - June 1864 Contains: (a) Enclosure awards (See also Q/D/E) (b) Conveyances from trustees under turnpike acts of surplus land: Middleton-in-Teesdale and Eggleston Road - part of old road in Eggleston to William Hutchinson, 1793 (pp.259-261); Lobley Hill and Burtree Ford Road - part of old road to William Russell of Brancepeth Castle, 1827 (pp.559-561); Durham and Tyne Bridge Road - four pieces of land in Crossgate near Framwellgate Bridge to Thomas Wilkinson, 1830 (pp.562-564), two pieces of land at Millburngate to George Burnett, 1832 (pp.567-570), land by Framwellgate Bridge to William Green, 1844 (pp.575-577), and land by Framwellgate Bridge to Mark Jopling, 1844 (pp.578-580); Wearmouth Bridge and Tyne Bridge Road - land in Cleadon to Thomas Baker, 1809 (pp.565-566), site of Felling toll house to Ann Greener, 1864 (pp.591-592); Sunderland to Durham Road - land in Bishopwearmouth to Robert Clark, 1837 (pp.571-572) and land in Bishopwearmouth to Caleb and William Richardson (pp.573-574). (c) Deeds of conveyance: Site of Old Gaol, Durham on west side of Queen Street (Owengate) from Thomas Jackson and others to Francis Smales and others in trust for trustees for building a subscription library, 9 April 1821 (enrolled 1823, pp. 538-546); Sunderland Market Tolls from Bishop of Durham and J.G. Lambton to Benjamin Bray of Sunderland, chemist, Robert Spence, hatter and several other names, 1820 (enrolled 1824, pp. 547-553); Wearmouth Bridge tolls and profits from the bridge commissioners to Sunderland Paving Commissioners, 1821 (enrolled 1824, pp. 554-558); agreement between William Bernard Ogden and others concerning property in Church Street, Sunderland, originally devised by Rachel Maude, marginal plan on tracing paper showing layout of building and divisions, 1857 (pp. 583-590) Note: the numbering of pages in this volume originally ran: 1-499, two blank pages, 500-501, 422-505, two unnumbered pages, 506-508. The duplicated numbers have been renumbered.
View Q/D/B 5 physical details


Enrolment book, October 1808 - July 1812 Contains: Enfranchisement of copyhold lands of the bishopric, 1808 - 1812, and index of names of grantees. This volume contains a copy of the act, 46 Geo. III c.81 (1806), for vesting several yearly rents and fines payable to the Lord Bishop of Durham in trustees to be sold, and for enabling the Bishop to enfranchise certain copyhold or customary estates of the See of Durham and for applying monies for the purchase of freehold estates to be settled upon the Bishop, and copies of deeds of enfranchisement. The manors concerned are: Bondgate Auckland, Bondgate Darlington, Evenwood and West Auckland, Wolsingham, Chester, Lanchester, Bedlington, Whickham, Easington, Houghton, Bishop Middleham, Stockton.
View Q/D/B 6 physical details


Enrolment book, June 1817 - October 1859 Contains: Awards and deeds under the Commons Enclosure Acts, conveyance under the award for the enclosure of Woodland Common and partition deed (Lynn deceased)
View Q/D/B 7 physical details

Enclosure Awards and Plans, 1757 - 1870 (Ref: Q/D/E 1-43)

Many commons or open fields were enclosed by authority of local acts of Parliament between the mid-eighteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. The acts usually required a copy of the enclosure award (the formal document which set out the provisions for division and enclosure) to be deposited either with the clerk of the peace of the county or with one of the courts at Westminster, or, in the case of the County Palatine of Durham, in the Palatinate chancery. These documents which usually, but not invariably, have a large scale plan attached, provide information on land ownership, types of land tenure and also highways, footpaths, watercourses, drains, and the responsibility for upkeep of these; also quarries, gravel pits and other features.
Much enclosure had, of course, been carried out in the Tudor period and earlier by private agreements between owners so that often only comparatively small areas were divided under enclosure acts. The plans sometimes show old enclosures, however.
Enclosure acts were usually passed at the instigation of the chief land-owners. The act named a number of commissioners to make a survey of the land and to re-allot scattered holdings fairly according to the value of the lands.
The award, or the engrossed copy of it for deposit, was a long imposing document on parchment. The plan, usually drawn on a large scale, also on parchment, shows all the allotments (with reference numbers as in the award) and other features mentioned in the award, as re-arranged.
The original award was usually left in the custody of the incumbent of the parish or the lord of the manor. The engrossed copy was deposited with the clerk of the peace or as directed by the act. The majority of Durham enclosure awards, were, in fact, enrolled in the Palatinate court of chancery. A number of seventeenth century enclosure agreements were also confirmed by the chancery court. A complete list of Durham enclosure awards and agreements was compiled by W.E. Tate, 'A Hand List of Enclosure Acts and Awards' in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne , 4th series, X, no.3 July 1943.
In 1721 a successful petition against the enclosure of Lanchester was addressed to the House of Lords in 1721 (House of Lords Record Office). Lanchester was enclosed later between 1773 and 1781 and although the award is not in the Record Office, awards of compensation for damage to certain allotments by mining operations were granted at Quarter Sessions between 1881 and 1903 (Q/D/EC)
The awards for Crawcrook and Whickham include plans showing the strips and commons as existing before the enclosure, and the award relating to Cockfield Fell, 1868, was of regulated stinted pasture. The Middleton-in-Teesdale award was also partly concerned with stinted pasture. The awards and plans include some of the detached area of North Durham in Northumberland. A copy of some awards was also entered in special enrolment volumes, usually without the plan (Q/D/B).
For some awards only the enrolled copy survives.

Enrolled Enclosure Awards:
Bolam, 1786, Q/D/B 5, p.113
Boldon Fell, 1859, Q/D/B 7, p.825 (also plan)
Greatham Marsh, 1807 - 1809, Q/D/B 5, p.485
Middleton-in-Teesdale, 1816, Q/D/B 7, p.1
Harperig, 1784, Q/D/B 5, p.103
Horncliffe, 1778, Q/D/B 5, p.78

Palatinate Enrolments:
Photocopies of a few earlier enclosures enrolled in the Palatinate entry books have been acquired (D/Ph 1). See the 'Photocopies' catalogue.

Awards, with plans where stated, exist for the following parishes (the date is that of the sealing of the award).


Enclosure award for the manor of Beamish, 24 October 1810 Enclosure of Beamish manorial waste (400 acres), waste near Tanfield and roads and lanes within the manor (15 acres)
View Q/D/E 1(1) physical details


'Plan of Beamish South Moor in the Parish of Chester-le-Street ... as the same is divided according to an Act of Parliament of the xliii George III', 1810 Includes: Plan of 'Waste Land near the Village of Tanfield' Scale: 1 inch to 4 chains [1:1,368]
View Q/D/E 1(2) physical details


numbers not used


Enclosure award for Brancepeth and Stockley, 3 June 1758
View Q/D/E 4-5 physical details


Enclosure award for Byers Green and Old Park, 6 April 1809 For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 5, p.396
View Q/D/E 6 physical details


'Plan of Byers Green Moor, in the Township of Byers Green and Parish of St. Andrew Auckland ...; as the same was divided and allotted, in pursuance of an Act of Parliament made and passed in the 45th Year of the Reign of his Majesty King George III' [1804/5] Scale: 1 inch to 3 chains [1:2,376]
View Q/D/E 7 physical details


'The Award of Robert Hopper Williamson, Esq., as umpire respecting the claim made by Robert Eden Duncombe Shafto, Esq., for this estate at Whitworth and the Mansion House', 21 February 1806 Relates to land in the townships of Byers Green and Old Park
View Q/D/E 7a physical details


Enclosure award for Cockfield Fell, Cockfield 16 April 1868
View Q/D/E 8(1) physical details


Plan of Cockfield Fell, Cockfield, 1868 Scale: 1:2,500 Ordnance Survey sheets XLI:14 and XLI:15, first edition
View Q/D/E 8(2) physical details


Enclosure award for the manor and township of Crawcrook, 17 April 1800 Enclosure of the town fields known as the East Field, the West Field and the Middle Field (700 acres)
View Q/D/E 9 a(1) physical details


'A plan of Crawcrook open fields ... describing the ridges or parcels of land belonging to each proprietor by Mr. John Mowbray 1794, No. 1' Scale: 1 inch to 6 chains [1:4,752]
View Q/D/E 9 a(2) physical details


'A plan of Crawcrook open fields in the Parish of Ryton in the County Palatine of Durham describing the Allotments by Mr. John Mowbray, 1795, No. 2' Scale: 1 inch to 6 chains [1:4,752]
View Q/D/E 9 a(3) physical details


'A survey of Crawcrook open fields in the Parish of Ryton in the County Palatine of Durham by R. Burton, 1794'
View Q/D/E 9 b physical details


Enclosure award for the township and manor of Eggleston, 1817 Enclosure of 'several thousands acres' of waste and moor and common land For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 7, p.45 Includes: 'A Plan of Exchanges referred to in the Eggleston Award ... 1816' Scale: 1 inch to 6 chains [1:4,752]
View Q/D/E 10(1) physical details


'Award Plan of Eggleston Common ... 1816' Shows Hope House Estate, lands adjacent to Foggerthwaite Farm, Eggleston village and the lands of William Hutchinson Scale: 1 inch to 10 chains [1:7,920]
View Q/D/E 10(2) physical details


Enclosure award for Gateshead, 7 July 1818 Enclosure of common land or town fields totalling approximately 200 acres Includes: 'A Plan of Gateshead Town Fields as divided and allotted in 1815. John Bell, Surveyor' 'B 'Lands Exchanged' Shows lands exchanged by the rector of Gateshead, John Carr, Cuthbert Ellison and Joseph Willis Scales: 1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584], 1 inch to 24 feet [1:288] For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 6, p.173
View Q/D/E 11 physical details


'Plan of Gateshead Fell ... as Divided and Allotted Plan A [1822] Commissioners William Todd, Thomas Bell and Matthew Wheatley' Shows details of north part of Gateshead Fell For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 6, p.429 Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 12(1) physical details


Plan of 'Gateshead High Fell from Sheriff Hill to Beacon Hill. Plan B' [1822] Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 12(2) physical details


Plan of 'Gateshead High Fell, from Beacon Hill, to the Seven Stars Inn. Plan C' [1822] Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 12(3) physical details


'Plan of Gateshead Low Fell Plan D' [1822] Shows area bordered by Whinny House Estate, Chow Dean, enclosed lands and Derwent Crook inclosed grounds Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 12(4) physical details


Plan of 'Southern Part of Gateshead High Fell Plan E' Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 12(5) physical details


number not used


14 March 1758 (1) William Belasyse of Brancepeth Castle (2) Sir Edward Smythe of Acton Burnell, baronet, Thomas Taylor of Durham, Ann Gregory of Durham, and Henry Walton of Sherburn Agreement between (1) and (2) to enclose Ivesley Moor (300 acres) Enclosure award for Ivesley Moor, 3 July 1758
View Q/D/E 14 physical details


Enclosure award for Lamesley and Tanfield ..., 13 March 1818 Enclosure of common or waste land called Blackburn Fell, Burdon Moor, Hedley Fell, Ribblesworth Common and Beamish East Moor (2,000 acres); also town fields and pasture called Ravensworth Town Fields and Ravensworth South Pasture (600 acres). For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 5, p.262 and Q/D/B 7, p.104
View Q/D/E 15(1) physical details


'Plan of Blackburn Fell ...', n.d. Shows boundary between Blackburn Fell and Kibblesworth Common Scale: 1 inch to 10 chains [1:7,920]
View Q/D/E 15(2) physical details


Enclosure award for Blackburn Division 'respecting the claim of John Bowes, Earl of Strathmore', 22 January 1803 Enclosure of common and common lands in Lamesley and Tanfield, specifically messuages, farms and land at Gibside, Marley Hill, Hedley, south of Chapelry at Lamesley, South Pasture at Ravensworth, Lamesley, Laydon Field, Kibblesworth, Washing Wells in Whickham, Old Hollingside, Goodshieldshaugh, Clockburn Lane in Whickham, Shield Row in Tanfield, Houghall Bridge Close in Tanfield, Hunter's Hill and the Garth at Hollingside
View Q/D/E 16 physical details


Enclosure award for Blackburn Division 'respecting the claim of Sir Thomas Henry Liddell ...', 22 January 1803 Relates to 'several lands tenements and hereditaments in the township of Lamesley' specifically Ravensworth Castle Demesne farm, Ravensworth Castle and Gardens, Manesley Lane Farm, [ illegible] Mill Farm, [illegible ] Hall Farm, Chowdon Farm, Greenwell Farm, Bounder House, Coals Close Farm, Harlow Green Farm, Low Eighton Farm, High Eighton Farm, Eighton Banks, Dunkirk Farm, Long Acres Farm, Twin Mill Farm, Lamesley South Farm, Lamesley North Farm, Northends Farm, Lamesley Farm, Chowdon Farm, Marshall Lands Farm, Hollyburn Farm, Sugarfield and Coxclose Farm, Oxclose Farm, Lingey Field Farms, Pennyfine freehold ground, French Hall Farm, Spanling Close Farm, Cowclose Farm and Mill, South Lady Park Farm, Hillhead Farm, Wester Northends Farm, Cowclose Farm, 53 cottages in Kibblesworth, Broad Moor Farm, Hall and Whitacre Farm, Forsters Garth Farm, Southerns Close Farm, Moor Mill and Spoutburn Farms Hall Farm, Cooper House Farm, Long Meadow Farm, Sides Close Farm, several items in Ravensworth; Ravensworth Farm, Ouzlaw Farm, Ravensworth Farms, Cubriding Farm, property in Hedley, property in Whickham; Surgarfield Farm, Marshall Lands Farm, Watergate Farm, Greens Farm, Norwood Farm
View Q/D/E 17 physical details


Enclosure award for Blackburn Division 'respecting the claim of Sir John Eden Bart', 22 January 1803 Relates to 'certain commons and other commonable lands within the parochial chapelries of Lamesley and Tanfield', specifically South Causey Estate, East Tanfield Estate and West Tanfield Estate
View Q/D/E 18 physical details


Enclosure award for Blackburn Division 'respecting the claim of Anthony Seaton, Esq.', 22 January 1803 Relates to 'certain commons and other commonable lands within the parochial chapelries of Lamesley and Tanfield', specifically Whaggs Farm in Whickham, and Birkheads or Birkhouse Farm in Lamesley
View Q/D/E 19a physical details


Enclosure award for Blackburn Division 'respecting the claim of Sir Thomas John Clavering ...', 22 January 1803 Relates to 'certain commons and other commonable lands within the parochial chapelries of Lamesley and Tanfield', specifically property and land occupied by the following: Thompson, Stevenson, George Goodrick, Ann Gibson, John Lumley (field at Kibblesworth), Michael Clark (farm at Ravensworth), [ illegible ] (field at Lamesley), George Drummond and Richard Clark (houses at Lamesley), Sir Thomas Henry Liddell (Park Head Farm), Francis Jackson (farm at Causey), Ann Dagg (farm and mill at Causey), Cuthbert White (two farms at Ledger Bogg and Beamish Burn), Thomas Smailes (farm at Causey), William Thompson (farm at Causey Hall), Jane Ridley (farm at Causey Bridge), William Clark (farm at Beckley), Mary Cargoe (cottage at Causey Dykes), Thomas Newton (farm at Andrews House and Bobb Engine), Sir Thomas John Clavering (woodlands at Beckley and Causey and Park Head)
View Q/D/E 19b physical details


Notice of the Blackburn Fell division, 15 March 1818 Confirms that notice was given at Chester le Street parish church on 15 March 1818. John Fryer, John Taylor and John Martindale, commissioners
View Q/D/E 20a physical details


Notice of the Blackburn Fell division, 15 March 1818 Confirms that notice was given at Lamesley chapel on 15 March 1818. John Fryer, John Taylor and John Martindale, commissioners
View Q/D/E 20b physical details


Notice of the Blackburn Fell division, 15 March 1818 Confirms that notice was given at Tanfield chapel on 15 March 1818. John Fryer, John Taylor and John Martindale, commissioners
View Q/D/E 20c physical details


Enclosure award for Middleton in Teesdale, 28 December 1841 Includes two schedules detailing land: (i) outer pasture (ii) inner pasture
View Q/D/E 21(1) physical details


Plan of 'Middleton Stinted Pastures', n.d. [1841] John Mackell commissioner Scale: 1 inch to16 chains [1:12,672]
View Q/D/E 21(2) physical details


'Map of common within the Manor of Middleton ...', n.d. Also shows 'Plan of exchange at Middleton' between the earl of Darlington and Lancelot Walton
View Q/D/E 22 physical details


Enclosure award for Ruffside Common, Ruffside, 7 April 1870 With plan of 'Inclosure Ruffside Common in the Township of Ruffside in the Parish of Edmondbyers ...', 1870 Scale: 1 inch to 6.5 chains [1:5,148]
View Q/D/E 23 physical details


Enclosure award for Ryton, Ryton Woodside and Winlaton townships, 29 June 1829 Enclosure of Barlow Fell, Beda Hills and Winlaton Manor waste (400 acres) in Winlaton; Woodside Common (660 acres) in Ryton Woodside; and Bar Moor (50 acres) in Paddock Hill Field, the three Strothe Closes and Parsons Hough (65 acres) in Ryton
View Q/D/E 24(1) physical details


'Plan of Barlow Fell, and other Parts of the Waste Lands in the Manor of Winlaton, and Parish of Ryton, as divided and allotted .... [1828] Plan A' Shows Barlow Fell, waste land adjoining Winlaton Back Lane, Barlow Lane and property at Barlow Scales:1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 24(2) physical details


'Plan of Bede Hills, Burn Banks, and other Parts of the Waste Lands in the Manor of Winlaton, and Parish of Ryton, as divided and allotted 1828 Plan B' Scales:1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 24(3) physical details


'Plan of the Village of Winlaton, in the Parish of Ryton ..., showing the several allotments, etc. in and near that village, set out on the Division of the Waste Lands, in the Manor of Winlaton, 1828 Plan C' Scale: 1 inch to 1 chain [1:792]
View Q/D/E 24(4) physical details


'Plan of the Village of Blaydon, in the Parish of Ryton ..., showing the several allotments etc. in and near that village, set out on The Division of the Waste Lands etc. in the Manor of Winlaton, 1829. Plan D' Shows also waste lands adjoining Blaydon and Winlaton Lane Scales:1 inch to 1 chain [1:792], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 24(5) physical details


Plan of 'Ryton and Winlaton Division, Plan E', n.d. [1828/29] Shows premises at Winlaton Mill, Manor Mill and grounds, Winlaton and Blaydon Lane, allotted and awarded to Peregrine Edward Towneley Scales: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584], 1 inch to 1 chain [1:792]
View Q/D/E 24(6) physical details


'Plan of the Waste Lands called Bar Moor, in the Parish of Ryton ..., as divided and allotted ..., Plan F', n.d. [1828/29] Shows Ryton village Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 24(7) physical details


Plan of Ryton and Winlaton Enclosure, Plan G', n.d. [1828/29] Shows Woodside Common/Green, 'The Parson's Haugh', Hall Banks, Paddock Hill Field and three Strother Closes in Ryton Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 24(8) physical details


'Exchanges No. 1, Plan H', n.d. [1828/29] Shows premises and lands exchanged by James Hutchinson, Peregrine Edward Towneley, Barnabas Fenwick, William Herdman, Thomas Richard Beaumont and Diane Beaumont, his wife, and the rector of Ryton Scales: 1 inch to 10 yards [1:360], 1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168], 1 inch to 1 chain [1:792], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584]
View Q/D/E 24(9) physical details


'Exchanges No. 2, Plan I', n.d. [1828/29] Shows premises and lands exchanged by Miss Ann Simpson, marquis of Brute and Rev. Charles Thorp Scales: 1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584], 1 inch to 3 chains [1:2,376], 1 inch to 33 feet [1:396], 1 inch to 16Â 1/2 feet [1:198]
View Q/D/E 24(10) physical details


'Exchanges No. 3, Plan J', n.d. [1828/29] Shows premises and lands exchanged by Rev. Charles Thorp with the rectory of Ryton Scales: 1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584], 1 inch to 3 chains [1:2,376], 1 inch to 33 feet [1:396], 1 inch to 16Â 1/2 feet [1:198]
View Q/D/E 24(11) physical details


31 October 1796 (1) Shute [Barrington], bishop of Durham (2) Robert Thorpe, rector of Ryton (3) Edward Townley Standish, Joseph Lamb, Crosier Surtees, Mary Stowe, widow; John Simpson, Walker Lawson and William Alder, devisees, trustees and executors of Isabel Humble, spinster, deceased; Walker Lawson, Thomas Dodd, Michael Humble, George Lawson, John Hutchinson, John Brown, Henry Brown, Robert Cox, gardener; John Hutchinson (4) Rev. James Blackburn, clerk (5) Arthur Mowbray, John Buddle the elder and Robert Snowball Agreement for the enclosure of Ryton Haugh
View Q/D/E 25 physical details


2 December 1799 (1) Edward Townley Standish, John Townley, Peregrine Edward Townley (2) Rev. Joseph Cook and Sarah, his wife, and David Latimer Tinling and Sarah, his wife (3) Mary Stowe, widow (4) Jane Simpson, spinster (5) Catherine Lawson, spinster (6) Rev. James Blackburn, clerk (7) Arthur Mowbray, John Buddle and Robert Snowball Agreement for facilitating the enclosure of Ryton Haugh
View Q/D/E 26 physical details


Enclosure award for Ryton Haugh, 13 May 1800 Enclosure of common land and 154 acres With a 'Plan Annexed to the Award of Ryton Haugh ... as divided and allotted by the commissioners, Arthur Mowbray, John Buddle and Robert Snowball'; Surveyor, Matthew Fleck Scale: 1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168]
View Q/D/E 27 physical details


Enclosure award for Staindrop Moor, 21 March 1765 Enclosure of common and moor (500 acres) Duplicate of Q/D/E 31
View Q/D/E 28 physical details


'Award by the Arbitrators of The Division of Staindrop Moor', 3 November 1764 Arbitrators: Thomas Gyll, George Hartley, William Rudd Duplicate of Q/D/E 30
View Q/D/E 29 physical details


'Award by the Arbitrators of the Division of Staindrop Moor', 3 November 1764 Arbitrators: Thomas Gyll, George Hartley, William Rudd Duplicate of Q/D/E 29
View Q/D/E 30 physical details


Enclosure award for Staindrop Moor, 21 March 1765 Enclosure of common and moor (500 acres) Duplicate of Q/D/E 28
View Q/D/E 31 physical details


Enclosure award for Tanfield Moor, Chester le Street, 16 April 1807 For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 5, p.238 and 302
View Q/D/E 32(1) physical details


'Plan of Tanfield Moor as it is now divided and allotted in pursuance of an Act of Parliament passed in the fortieth year of the reign of George III entitled An Act for Dividing, Allotting and Inclosing a Common, called Tanfield Moor in the Parish of Chester le Street ...', 16 April 1807 Joseph Granger, commissioner; Matthew Wheatley, surveyor Scale: 1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168]
View Q/D/E 32(2) physical details


Enclosure award for moor or common in the township of Thornley (Wolsingham), 31 July 1772 For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 5, p.1 Enclosure of common or waste land (500 acres)
View Q/D/E 33(1) physical details


'A Plan of the Allotment and Division of Thornley Common in the Parish of Wolsingham ...', n.d. [?1772]
View Q/D/E 33(2) physical details


'Plan of Whickham Fell in the County of Durham, as divided and allotted. Thomas Bell, commissioner and surveyor, 1821, No. 1' Scale: 1 inch to 3 chains [1:2,376] For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 5, p.287
View Q/D/E 34(1) physical details


Plan of 'South Part of Whickham Fell, No. 2', n.d. [1821] Scale: 1 inch to 3 chains [1:2,376]
View Q/D/E 34(2) physical details


'Plan of the Village of Whickham, No. 3', n.d. [1821] Scale: 1 inch to 20 chains [1:15,840]
View Q/D/E 34(3) physical details


'Exchanges, No. 4' Exchanges of land under the Whickham Fell award between John Morley, deceased, earl of Strathmore, John Carr, Sir Thomas Clavering bart., rector of Whickham, Robert Hopper Williamson, lord Ravensworth, and George Thomas Eaton Scales: 1 inch to 30 chains [1:23,760], 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1,584], 1 inch to 3 chains [1:2,376], 1 inch to 4 chains [1:3,168]
View Q/D/E 34(4) physical details


Enclosure award for Willington Moor or Common, 30 April 1757 Enclosure of land (600 acres)
View Q/D/E 35 physical details


'Plan of Woodland Common in the Parish of Cockfield ...', n.d. [1826] Surveyor: John Machell Scale: 1 inch to 9 chains [1:7,128] For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 7, p.751
View Q/D/E 36(1) physical details


'Plan A, of Lands Exchanged at Woodland', n.d. [1826] Surveyor: John Machell
View Q/D/E 36(2) physical details


'Plan B, of Lands Exchanged at Middleton', n.d. [1826] Surveyor: John Machell Scale: 1 inch to 6 chains [1:4,752]
View Q/D/E 36(3) physical details


Enclosure award for Garretshields Common Enclosure of land (3,000 acres)
View Q/D/E 37 physical details


number not used


Enclosure award for Holy Island Common, 18 July 1793 Enclosure of common land (1,000 acres) For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 5, p.126
View Q/D/E 39 physical details


number not used


Enclosure award for Norham Infields and Norham Moor, 29 January 1762 Enclosure of Norham Infields, arable, meadow and pasture (437 acres) and Norham Moor, waste ground/common land (1,500 acres) Duplicate of Q/D/E 42
View Q/D/E 41 physical details


Enclosure award for Norham Infields and Norham Moor, 29 January 1762 Enclosure of Norham Infields, arable, meadow and pasture (437 acres) and Norham Moor, waste ground/common land (1,500 acres) Duplicate of Q/D/E 41
View Q/D/E 42 physical details


'Plans of Tweedmouth and Spittle Common and Ord Threap Ground Division, 4 June 1800' Scale: 1 inch to 2 chains [1:1584] For enrolled award, see Q/D/B 5, p.146
View Q/D/E 43 physical details

Lanchester Common Compensation, 1881 - 1903 (Ref: Q/D/EC 1-12)

Judgements made at Quarter Sessions under the Lanchester Common Inclosure Act, 1773, for damage caused to certain allotments by mining, includes correspondence and orders for payments of arrears, January 1881 - January 1903
View Q/D/EC 1-12 physical details

Land Tax Assessments, 1759 - 1831 (Ref: Q/D/L)

In 1430 only men owning freehold property worth 40s. p.a. could elect members of parliament to represent counties.
From 1710 only those assessed for taxes for freehold property (i.e. land tax) could vote.
Acts of 1744 and 1780 required the assessors of land tax to send duplicate copies of the annual assessments to the clerk of the Peace to serve as a register of parliamentary electors. More survive from 1780 onwards as a fine was imposed for non-compliance.
Memorials of deeds establishing annuity payments of 40s. if giving a right to vote, were also registered under an act of 1782.
In 1798 redemption of land tax by a money payment was allowed. This also made the tax permanent instead of the annual tax it had been since its first imposition in 1692. The series of land tax assessments finishes in 1831. Thereafter the right to vote was recorded in the registers of electors. After the Reform Act of 1832 registers of electors were prepared by the Clerk of the Peace to whom lists were sent by Overseers of the Poor. In 1832 the franchise was extended to holders of copyhold land worth £40 p.a. and to tenants with leases for 20 years or more of property worth £50 p.a.
The land tax assessments record names of proprietors, names of occupiers, and sums assessed. 'Occupiers' refers to chief leaseholders not to the tenants who actually lived on or worked the property. The 'occupier' might hold on a long lease several properties which were let on shorter tenancies.
The forty shilling freehold was not the actual (sales) value of the land which would normally be much higher. Nor does the assessment give a true guide to the value for it was rarely reassessed.
Returns were made annually for each constabulary or township and arranged by ward division.
For a detailed list of land tax assessments arranged by ward and giving a list of townships in each division see the Q/D/L detail catalogue.

Land Tax Annuities and Rent Charges, 1763 - 1845 (Ref: Q/D/LA 1-2)

Certificates or memorials of annuities charged on freehold land also had to be registered with the Clerk of the Peace, if giving a right to vote under an act of 1763. Declarations, or memorials, written on parchment and signed by the annuitant, were filed and copies entered into a volume. Enrolment of copies of memorials of annuities and assignments with rough name index: Q/D/B/1 pp. 1-379


Certificates of annuities and assignments of rent charges, nos 2-95, and index, August 1763 - February 1792
View Q/D/LA 1 physical details


Certificates of annuities and assignments of rent charges, nos. 249-280, April 1828 - March 1845 (1 file)

Special Returns and Duplicates of Assessments (Ref: Q/D/LM 1-51)

Certain duplicate copies of assessments were deposited with Quarter Sessions to assist in assessing the number of soldiers who could be recruited.
A special return was requested from farmers near the coast during the Napoleonic Wars.


Inhabited House tax assessments for Easing ton Ward, 1796 These copies were used by Justices of the Peace in assessing the number of men to be raised by each parish according to the number of inhabitants. They record names of householders, sums assessed, number of windows, additional duties, etc.
View Q/D/LM 1-26 physical details


Returns of farmers near the Sea Coast, 1796 Because of fears of invasion, the government requested the Lords Lieutenant of coastal counties to cause returns to be made of livestock and crops of farmers within 10 or 12 miles of the coast, so that stock could be removed and secured if necessary, and compensation given for any damage. The returns, made on printed forms, record names of farmers, distance from the sea, numbers of horses, cows, sheep, deer, pigs, acreage of wheat, oats, barley, peas etc, tonnage hay, numbers of servants who could be mounted to drive stock, carts, waggons or servants on foot. Many farmers from Heworth refused to give an account of their stock. Returns for Chester Ward, East, including: (27) Barmston, (28) Boldon, East, (29) Boldon, West, (30) Cleadon, (31) Fulwell, (32) Gateshead, (33) Harton, (34) Hedworth, (35-6) Heworth, (37) Hylton, (38) Monkton and Jarrow, (39) Monkwearmouth, (40) Monkwearmouth Shore, (41) South Shields: East Pans, (42) South Shields: Middle Pans, (43) South Shields: West Pans, (44) Usworth, (45-6) Washington, (47) Westoe, (48) Whitburn, (49-50) Bedlingtonshire, (51) Summary (25 papers)

Redemption of Land Tax (Ref: Q/D/LR 1-3)

Land tax could be redeemed for a money payment by contracting with the tax commissioners, under an act of 1798. Sometimes part of the land was sold to raise the money. This could, however, be done only with the approval of the tax commissioners and, in the case of ecclesiastical land, with the agreement of the bishop. Consent was given provided the sale did not materially affect the remaining property.
A register was kept of those contracting to redeem land tax.
Copies of conveyances were enrolled with the clerk of the Peace.


Register of contracts for redemption of land tax, (nos.776-1680), 1799 - 1813 Records the number, name, date, amount of land tax contracted for, parish, consideration to be given.
View Q/D/LR 1 physical details


Enrolments of bargains and sales and redemption, 1798 Copies of four deeds, two being agreements for sale of land to redeem land tax and two ordinary deeds of bargain and sale as follows: 18 March 1798 (1) Alexander Robertson of Prendeguesh (Berwickshire) (2) Sam. Cashe, Thos. Hudspeth et al. Conveyance from (1) to (2) of The Sands, Durham City and other property in Durham City and Norham 5 April 1799 (1) Robert Burton of Woodhurst (Huntingdonshire), devisee under will of Dav. Burton (2) George Blades of Yarm, tailor Bargain and Sale from (1) to (2) of land known as Tenants Moor in Egglescliffe Consideration: £140 16 May 1799 (1) Rev. Henry Blackett (2) Anthony Hood Bargain and Sale from (1) to (2) of a close called Dams at Boldon to redeem land tax of £6 10s.1d. chargeable on Rectory House, Glebe Land in Boldon Consideration: £114 16 May 1799 (1) Rev. Hen. Blackett (2) Richard Robinson Bargain and Sale from (1) to (2) of close called the Dams at Boldon Consideration: £50
View Q/D/LR 2 physical details


Schedule of leasehold land of William Meed of North Shields held under the Dean and Chapter of Durham, for which a redemption certificate is required, 1799
View Q/D/LR 3 physical details

Commissioners of Land Tax (Ref: Q/D/LX 1-4)

Lists of those qualified to act as Commissioners of Land Tax, 1780 - 1781
View Q/D/LX 1-4 physical details

Polling Places, 1864 - 1867 (Ref: Q/D/PP 1-11)

Petition for more polling places, 1864 - 1867 Petition to the Queen for more polling places in the southern division of the county, and grant of a polling place at St. John's Chapel. Copies of newspapers containing notices of the petition: South Durham and Cleveland Mercury , 19 and 26 December 1866, 20 and 23 March 1867; Darlington and Stockton Telegraph, 23 March 1867; South Durham Herald , 15 and 22 December 1866.
View Q/D/PP 1-11 physical details

Registers of Electors (Ref: Q/D/PV)

After the Reform Act, 1832 (2 William IV c.45) the Clerk of the Peace prepared registers of electors from lists returned by parish overseers and corrected by revising barristers. The registers were printed and record the surnames and forenames of each voter, his place of abode and the nature of his qualification for the franchise.
After the Reform Act of 1832 the franchise was extended to holders of copyhold land worth £40 p.a. and tenants with leases for 20 years or more of property worth £50 p.a.
After the Reform Act 1867 those qualified to vote were freeholders, copyholders, and life tenants of property worth £5 p.a. and occupiers of property worth £12 p.a. paying poor rates.
The Reform Act of 1884 gave the vote to all rate payers (owners or tenants of property paying poor rates) and lodgers in lodgings worth £10 p.a. (the latter had applied in boroughs since 1867).
The Representation of the People Act, 1918, gave the vote to all men over 21 with a six months residence qualification and to women who were over thirty years of age and were householders. A second vote was allowed to owners of business premises and to university graduates, (this was abolished in 1948).
In 1928 women were given equal rights with men.
In 1970 the voting age was lowered to 18.
Since 1892, after the establishment of the County Council, responsibility for electoral registers has been exercised by the Clerk to the Council or his registration officer.
For electoral registers 1833 - 1892 see Q/D/PV detail catalogue.
For electoral registers 1893 -1974 see CC/Cl catalogue.
For electoral registers 1975 - 2008 see DC/Cl catalogue.
For electoral registers from 2009 onwards see DCC/RES catalogue.

Societies and Meetings (Ref: Q/D/S)Rules of Savings Banks, Building Societies, Friendly and Provident Societies (Ref: Q/D/S 1-69)

SOCIETIES AND MEETINGS
Societies, clubs and meetings were controlled by several acts of Parliament. The Friendly Societies Act, 1793 and the Seditious Societies Act, 1799 and later acts required societies to be registered at Quarter Sessions.
Acts of 1817 and 1828 limited sums of money which might be deposited with savings banks and required copies of rules and any alterations to rules to be deposited with the Clerk of the Peace for public inspection.
An act of 1836 required benefit building societies, provident and friendly societies to be registered.
In 1874 responsibility for records of friendly societies was given to the Registrar of Friendly Societies. Rules deposited with the Clerk of the Peace were, therefore, transferred to the Registrar, except for a few duplicate copies.
Rules and alterations were laid before the court of Quarter Sessions for approval and the order was usually noted in the Order Book. Copies of the rules were registered and filed by the clerk of the Peace.
A new numbered series was started in 1829 following the 1828 Act.
No returns of freemasons' lodges survive for County Durham before 1916 although they were required under the Seditious Societies Act, 1799.

Rules of Savings Banks, Building Societies, Friendly and Provident Societies
Engrossed copies of rules. Dates noted are the dates of deposit with the Clerk of the Peace. Numbers in brackets are the original registration numbers.


Amicable Society, Hurworth, July 1794
View Q/D/S 1 physical details


Pilots' Blessing, Sunderland, April 1809
View Q/D/S 2 physical details


Loving Sisters Friendly Society, Black Boy, Sunderland, including list of members, (225), July 1816
View Q/D/S 3 physical details


Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland and Monkwearmouth, Savings Bank, (1), September 1817
View Q/D/S 4 physical details


Bishop Auckland Savings Bank, (2) and printed copy, October 1817
View Q/D/S 5-6 physical details


Stockton Savings Bank and Provident Institution, (3a), September 1817
View Q/D/S 7 physical details


Darlington Savings Bank, (3), July 1817
View Q/D/S 8 physical details


South Shields Savings Bank, (4), November 1817
View Q/D/S 9 physical details


Durham Savings Bank, (5-6), November 1817
View Q/D/S 10-12 physical details


Barnard Castle, Savings Bank, (7), March 1817
View Q/D/S 13 physical details


Ryton Savings Bank, (8), February 1818
View Q/D/S 14 physical details


Bishopwearmouth Savings Bank additional rules, (9), October 1818
View Q/D/S 15 physical details


Lanchester Savings Bank and additional rules, (10-11), June and October 1818
View Q/D/S 16-17 physical details


Washington Provident Bank, (12), April 1818
View Q/D/S 18 physical details


Bishop Auckland Savings Bank, additional rules, (13), April 1821
View Q/D/S 19 physical details


Weardale Savings Bank, (14), April 1821
View Q/D/S 20 physical details


Bishop Auckland Savings Bank, (15), April 1821
View Q/D/S 21 physical details


Lanchester Savings Bank additional rules, (16), December 1824
View Q/D/S 22 physical details


Darlington Savings Bank, (17), November 1824
View Q/D/S 23 physical details


Durham Savings Bank, additional rules, (18), November 1824
View Q/D/S 24 physical details


Monkwearmouth Provident Savings Institution, (18a,b), June and September 1824
View Q/D/S 25-26 physical details


Ryton Savings Bank additional rules, (19), November 1824
View Q/D/S 27 physical details


Hetton-le-Hole Friendly Society of Women, (313), December 1824
View Q/D/S 28-29 physical details


South Shields Savings Bank, (20), January 1825
View Q/D/S 30 physical details


Barnard Castle Savings Bank, (21), November 1825
View Q/D/S 31 physical details


Stockton Savings Bank, (22), June 1826
View Q/D/S 32 physical details


Ryton Savings Bank, 1829
View Q/D/S 33 physical details


Weardale Savings Bank, (1), January 1829
View Q/D/S 34 physical details


South Shields Savings Bank, (2), April 1829
View Q/D/S 35 physical details


Bishop Auckland Savings Bank, (3), January 1829
View Q/D/S 36 physical details


Durham Savings Bank (4) , January 1829
View Q/D/S 37 physical details


Stockton Savings Bank, (5), April 1829
View Q/D/S 38 physical details


Lanchester Savings Bank, (6), January 1829
View Q/D/S 39 physical details


Darlington Savings Bank, (7), January 1829
View Q/D/S 40 physical details


Barnard Castle Savings Bank, (8), July 1829
View Q/D/S 41 physical details


Monkwearmouth Savings Bank, (9), October 1829
View Q/D/S 42 physical details


Ryton Savings Bank, (illegible), April 1835
View Q/D/S 43 physical details


Durham Savings Bank additional rules, (11), March 1835
View Q/D/S 44 physical details


Bishop Auckland Savings Bank, additional rules, (12-13), July and March 1835
View Q/D/S 45-46 physical details


Monkwearmouth Savings Bank additional rules, (14), May 1835
View Q/D/S 47 physical details


Lanchester Savings Bank additional rules, (15), April 1835
View Q/D/S 48 physical details


Barnard Castle Savings Bank additional rule, (16), July 1835
View Q/D/S 49 physical details


Stockton Savings Bank additional rule, (18), June 1836
View Q/D/S 50 physical details


Darlington Savings Bank, (19), July 1837
View Q/D/S 51 physical details


Middleton Savings Bank, (20), April 1838
View Q/D/S 52 physical details


Second Borough of Sunderland Friendly Benefit Building Society, alteration, (no. 1773), July 1849
View Q/D/S 53 physical details


Sunderland New Providence Building Society alteration, (303), May 1843
View Q/D/S 54-55 physical details


List of building societies, friendly societies etc, enrolled under various acts, 1830 - 1842
View Q/D/S 56 physical details


South Shields Mechanics Building Society alterations to rules, (280), May 1842 - June 1843
View Q/D/S 57 physical details


Fourth Provident Building Society, Sunderland, May 1845
View Q/D/S 58 physical details


Shields and Jarrow Permanent Benefit Building Society, June 1854
View Q/D/S 59 physical details


East and West Hartlepool Provident Loan Society, November 1856
View Q/D/S 60 physical details


Wear Benefit Building Society, additional rule, December 1859
View Q/D/S 61 physical details


St. Bede's North of England Benefit Building Society, additional rule, December 1859
View Q/D/S 62 physical details


Durham Third Provident Benefit Building Society, December 1866
View Q/D/S 63 physical details


The Victoria Loan Society Stockton (no. 2019), (810), October 1867
View Q/D/S 64 physical details


Jarrow Mutual Loan Society, (864), August 1870, and alteration, (938), September 1874
View Q/D/S 65-66 physical details


Part of an alteration to rules, damaged, n.d.
View Q/D/S 67 physical details


List of savings banks, April 1819, April 1821, April 1821, January 1826; and copy of Home Office circular requesting account of savings banks, 1818
View Q/D/S 68 physical details


List of friendly societies, April 1829
View Q/D/S 69 physical details

Freemasons' Lodges Annual Returns, 1916 - 1946 (Ref: Q/D/S 70-87)

Annual returns made by each lodge in County Durham listing names of members, their addresses and occupations. They are printed forms of return, arranged in annual bundles.


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1916
View Q/D/S 70 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1917
View Q/D/S 71 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1918
View Q/D/S 72 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1919
View Q/D/S 73 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1920
View Q/D/S 74 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1921
View Q/D/S 75 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1922
View Q/D/S 76 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1923
View Q/D/S 77 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1924
View Q/D/S 78 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1925
View Q/D/S 79 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1926
View Q/D/S 80 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1927
View Q/D/S 81 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1928
View Q/D/S 82 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1929
View Q/D/S 83 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1930
View Q/D/S 84 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1944
View Q/D/S 85 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1945
View Q/D/S 86 physical details


Freemasons' lodges annual returns, 1946
View Q/D/S 87 physical details

Enrolment of Rules of Friendly Societies (Ref: Q/D/SB 1-2)

List of Friendly Societies etc. the rules of which were enrolled with Quarter Sessions and which were taken off the roll and transmitted to the Registrar of Friendly Societies under 18 and 19 Victoria, c.63, s.11, August 1785 - November 1874
View Q/D/SB 1 physical details


List of rules of Friendly Societies etc. enrolled with Quarter Sessions, 1837 - 1874 At end: Receipt by Registrar of Friendly Societies, of Rules of within mentioned societies, 2 March 1875 Enclosed: List of Benefit Building Societies whose rules have been enrolled within the County of Durham, August 1864 - December 1869
View Q/D/SB 2 physical details

Public Works and Utilities (Ref: Q/D/U)Accounts of Companies and Trusts (Ref: Q/D/UA)Turnpike Trust Accounts, 1865 - 1879 (Ref: Q/D/UA 1-87)

Turnpike Trust Accounts, 1865 - 1879 Turnpike trustees were required by the Turnpike Act, 1822, to deposit statements of account annually with the Clerk of the Peace for public inspection. This requirement was extended in 1845 to other trusts and companies by the Companies Clauses Act. Charitable trusts were required to deposit accounts from 1853. (1-4) Allendale (Northumberland), 1865, 1868, 1870, 1875 (5-14) Alston, 1865, 1867, 1868 - 1874 (15-16) Bishopwearmouth to Norton, 1866, 1875 (17-23) Catterick Bridge to Durham, 1866 - 1872 (24-25) Darlington: Angel Inn to Barton Lane, 1865, 1867 (26-46) Derwent to Shotley Bridge, 1865, 1868 - 1888 (47-51) Durham to Tyne Bridge, 1865, 1867 - 1870 (52-59) Edmundbyers, 1865, 1867 - 1873 (60-64) Gateshead to Hexham, 1865, 1867 - 1871 (65-69) Lobley Hill, 1865, 1867 - 1869, 1872 (70) South Shields, 1865 (71-79) Stockton to Middlesborough, 1865, 1867 - 1869 1871, 1873, 1875 - 1877 (80) Sunderland to Durham, 1865 (81) Wearmouth Bridge to Tyne Bridge, 1866 (82-86) West Auckland, 1865, 1867-1870 (87) Winston Bridge, 1869
View Q/D/UA 1-87 physical details

Company Accounts, 1866 - 1922 (Ref: Q/D/UA 88-112)

Company accounts, Tees Conservancy, 1866 - 1884
View Q/D/UA 88-107 physical details


number not used


Company accounts, County of Durham Electric Power Supply Company 1904
View Q/D/UA 109-111 physical details


Company accounts, Electricity Commissioners, 1922
View Q/D/UA 112 physical details

Improvement Commissioners' Accounts, 1870 - 1879 (Ref: Q/D/UA 113-122)

West Hartlepool Improvement Commissioners accounts, 1870 - 1878/79
View Q/D/UA 113-122 physical details

Charitable Trusts Accounts, 1864 - 1880 (Ref: Q/D/UA 123-180)

Auckland, St. Andrew, Apprentice Fund accounts, 1864
View Q/D/UA 123 physical details


Auckland, St. Andrew, Lord Crewe's Charity, for poor boys accounts, 1864
View Q/D/UA 124 physical details


Auckland, St. Andrew, Pearson's Nutty Hag, and Longstaff's Charities, accounts, 1864
View Q/D/UA 125 physical details


Auckland, St. Andrew, Wall's Charity, accounts, 1864
View Q/D/UA 126 physical details


Bishop Auckland, Bede's House, accounts, 1864
View Q/D/UA 127 physical details


Donnison School, Sunderland, accounts, 1865 - 1877
View Q/D/UA 128-140 physical details


Lady Freville's Charity, Sedgefield and Bishop Middleham, accounts, 1865, 1866
View Q/D/UA 141-142 physical details


Maritime Institution, Bishopwearmouth, accounts, 1866 - 1876
View Q/D/UA 143-153 physical details


Prissick Schools, Hartlepool (founded by John Wells, by deed of trust, 1835), accounts, 1865 - 1885/86
View Q/D/UA 154-174 physical details


Spearman's Charity accounts, 1869, 1873, 1875, 1877 - 1879
View Q/D/UA 175-180 physical details

Verdicts of Juries on Compensation, 1837 - 1869 (Ref: Q/D/US 1-5)

PLANS OF PUBLIC UTILITIES
A standing order of the House of Commons made in 1792 and confirmed by an act of Parliament of 1837 required proposed schemes for commercial and other developments of a public nature, such as new roads, canals, railways, and gas works, to be deposited for public inspection with the clerk of the Peace of the counties concerned. All such shemes were authorised by a private act of Parliament. It was intended that those who considered that they or their property might be adversely affected by the scheme could raise objections. Claims for compensation were sometimes decided by juries. Schemes subject to these provisions included those which could alter land use, such as canals, railways or gas pipes.
In addition to drawings of the proposed works, including sections and elevations where appropriate, there were always plans showing the extent of the site and land adjacent. These plans were drawn on a large scale and show the plots of land near the proposed works marked with a number referring to the list of owners. Sometimes only the immediate neighbourhood was shown, but some plans cover a fairly large area. The list of owners gives the reference numbers of the properties on the plan, names of the owners, names of the occupiers (chief leaseholders) and a description of the property, such as 'arable field', 'private road', (the description does not always appear in the earlier ones).
The plans are of proposed schemes only and were deposited prior to the authorising act. Not all the schemes were carried out, nor did those that were, necessarily follow the form of the original deposited plans. Altered plans or plans of extensions of a scheme might be deposited in succeeding years but there was no provision for the deposit of a final plan in the authorising act.
A standing order of the House of Lords in 1843 required the deposit of a sealed duplicate copy. These do not survive as a series in County Durham but second copies exist of many plans.
An Act of 1845 required copies of the act authorising each scheme to be deposited but these too are not now with the Quarter Sessions records.
Plans relating to North Durham, that is Islandshire, Norham and Bedlington were deposited with the Clerk of the Peace of the County of Durham until 1844.
When schemes overlapped county boundaries, plans were deposited in both counties.
A detailed list of deposited plans arranged chronologically may be found in appendix 4. A card index to the plans exists.

VERDICTS OF JURIES ON COMPENSATION, 1837 - 1869

Many of the acts authorising public works include provision for setting disputes over compensation for the purchase of land or for damage arising from the proposed works. Under the Land Clauses Consolidation Act, 1845 a jury from the neighbourhood of the works could make inquiry into and settle disputes concerning claims of over £50. Such inquiries were usually initiated by the company concerned rather than individual claimants. The jury was summoned by the sheriff and made its inquisition before him, or sometimes, after 1870, before the coroner. Copies of the verdict of the jury assessing the sums to be paid in compensation had to be deposited with the Clerk of the Peace together with the warrants to the sheriff to summon the jury. Records usually refer to the plot reference marked on the deposited plan.


Assessment of compensation to be paid by Great North of England Railway Company to Robert Gill of Black Banks, Darlington, brick maker, for purchase of copyhold land, 20 December 1837
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Assessment of purchase price to be paid by Great North of England Railway Company to William Walters, ironmonger, for cottage, drying sheds and kiln at Darlington, 15 November 1842
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Part of assessment concerning compensation to be paid by York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway Company to Elizabeth Hall for part of Pollards, St. Andrew Auckland, 31 December 1849
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Assessment of compensation to be paid by Darlington Gas and Water Company to Ann Allan for purchase of land, 12 October 1849
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Assessment of compensation to be paid by Sunderland Dock Company to the trustees under the will of John George Lambton, Earl of Durham, for various properties. Includes schedule of properties and plan showing area from Shore Road and Barracks, to Hendon Baths, August 1850
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Assessment of compensation of £3000 to be paid by North Eastern Railway Company to Thomas Drewett Drewett and trustees of the National Provident Institution, 9 June 1868
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Assessment of compensation to be paid by N.E. Railway Co.- Pelaw and Tyne Dock Branch to Thomas Drewett Drewett and trustees of the National Provident Institution for land in Hedworth, Monkton and Jarrow, 17 September and 12 October 1869
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Assessment of compensation of £1333 to be paid by N.E. Railway Co. to trustees of John Hogg, deceased, for land in Norton, 30 April and 7 April 1870
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Assessment of compensation of £2100 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to George Gilpin Brown for land in Stockton township, 18 March and 7 April 1870
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Assessment of compensation of £410 to be paid by Corporation of Sunderland to Matthew Robinson for part of dwelling house, 24 August and 22 September 1870
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Assessment of compensation of £280 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to Mary Ann Pickering for land at Stockton, 5 and 20 October 1870
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Assessment of compensation of £644 to be paid by Corporation of Sunderland to George Henry Wheeler for house in Sunderland, 14 July 1869 and 13 February 1871
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Assessment of compensation of £50 to be paid by Corporation of Sunderland to William Barron for properties in Baines Lane, Sunderland, 22 April 1872
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Assessment of compensation of £800 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to John Scott, deceased, and Thomas Metcalfe for property in Union Street, Bishopwearmouth, 8 and 29 December 1874
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Assessment of compensation of £1375 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to Thomas Garbutt for land in Stockton, 1 May 1875
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Assessment of compensation of £3920 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to John S. Sutton for land in East Hartburn, 3 May 1875
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Assessment of compensation of £190 to be paid by Hylton, Southwick and Monkwearmouth Railway Company to Joseph Milner for land in Southwick, 15 April and 13 May 1875
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Assessment of compensation of £825 to be paid by North Eastern Railway Company to Daniel Lynch for house in Union Street, Bishopwearmouth, 25 August 1876
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Assessment of compensation of £785 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to George Watson for house in Union Street, Bishopwearmouth, 29 August 1876
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Assessment of compensation of £1550 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to Thomas Twizell and Robert Youll for shop in Union Street, Bishopwearmouth, 30 August 1876
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Assessment of compensation of £3300 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to William Carter for houses and buildings in Union Street and Union Square, Bishopwearmouth, 6 September 1876
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Assessment of compensation of £887 10s to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to Robert Smart for house and buildings in Union Street, Bishopwearmouth, 6 September 1876
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Assessment of compensation of £760 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to trustees under the will of Mary Heath, deceased, for houses etc. in Westoe, 7 December 1876
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Assessment of compensation of £2750 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to James Johnson for houses etc. in Ann Street, Hannah Street, East Place and Old Market, in West Hartlepool and Stranton, 20 March 1879
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Assessment of compensation of £1200 to be paid by N.E. Railway Company to Thomas Wakefield for two houses at Willington, 28 and 29 November 1879
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